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abnormal psych chp 11
Terms in this set (80)
boys are ____ times more likely than girls to be diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder
males are 10-15 more likely than females to have
life course persistent antisocial behavior
children with diagnoses of conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder are most likely to have parents with a history of
individuals who have healthy levels of conduct and impulse control show which of the following?
cooperation with societal rules and values
empathy toward others
strong social and moral code
people with occasional issues with conduct and/or impulse control
generally are compassionate and aw abiding but occasionally defy authority
individuals who likely meet the criteria for conduct and/or impulse control disorder are which of the following?
callous and have unemotional contact with others
cruel and may engage in unlawful behavior
people who potentially meet the criteria for conduct and/or impulse control disorder are which of the following?
cruel and behave unlawfully
disrespectful of others feelings and/or property
which of the following is more likely to develop conduct disorder?
jose, whose parents believe in physical punishment
research has found that stimulants
are highly effective in relieving ADHD symptoms and moderately effective in reducing aggression in children with conduct disorder
the most commonly prescribed drugs in the U.S. for antisocial behaviors include which of the following?
According to the DSM-5, antisocial personality disorders key features are
an impairment in the ability to form relationships with other, a tendency to violate social norms, and a focus on self-gratification
which of the following most accurately represents treatment for conduct and oppositional defiant disorder?
these disorders can be treated with psychological, social, and medical treatments
children with conduct disorder
have a chronic pattern of unconcern for the basic rights of other people
the behaviors of children with diagnoses of conduct disorder fall into four categories
aggression to people and animals
serious violations of rules
deceitfulness or theft
approximately 3 to 7 percent
of children and adolescents exhibit behaviors serious enough for a diagnosis of conduct disorder
Ingrid is 7 years old and has shown behavioral problems ever since preschool. She consistently finds herself in trouble for having outburst pulling the hair of other children and behaving defiantly with her teachers. Ingrid would be diagnosed with
childhood-onset conduct disorder
the traits that characterize psychopathy include which of the following?
a) lack of remorse or guilt for their actions,
(b) lack of empathy for others (callousness)
(c) lack of concern about performance at school, at work, or in other important activities, and (d) shallow or deficient emotions
which of the following are behavioral correlates with oppositional defiant disorder?
symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder usually begin
in toddler or preschool years
being defiant is developmentally appropriate in a child aged
children diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder are more likely to develop conduct disorder
which of the following is true in regard to conduct disorder?
boys tend to be more physically aggressive than girls
girls with conduct disorder engage in
relational aggression more than boys
in terms of conduct disorder, who of the following are most likely in stealing, lying and substance abuse?
both boys and girls are equal
which of the following have been found in longterm studies of girls diagnosed with conduct disorder when they become adolescents and adults?
which of the following are risk factors for conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder?
low socioeconomic status
deficits in brain areas involved in control
children with conduct disorder diagnoses have abnormalities in the MAOA genes which is responsible for metabolizing serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine
children with conduct disorder have deficits in the brain areas responsible for
planning and controlling behaviors
neuroimaging studies of children with conduct disorder show abnormalities in the functioning areas of the
prefrontal cortex involved in responding to emotional stimuli
children with conduct disorder diagnoses show less amygdala activity in response to
boys whose mothers smoke during pregnancy are
2.6 times more likely to develop oppositional behavior in early childhood
which of the following neurotransmitter implicated in violent behavior
children with conduct disorder show abnormal
cortisol levels both at rest and in response to a stressor
research on conduct disorders and oppositional defiant disorder has found that in males the association between
testosterone and aggression depends on the social context
which of the following are implicated in the development of conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorders?
living in urban areas
having low socioeconomic status
which of the following factors impact the development of antisocial behaviors?
living in an urban area
quality of parenting
parents of children with conduct disorders
are more likely to physically punish boys than girls
children who become part of deviant peer groups
are more likely to develop antisocial tendencies
delinquent young men who marry young women with no history of conduct problems tend to
cease delinquent behaviors
which of the following best describes a cognitive interpretation of children with conduct disorder?
Gene assumes that Larry deliberately broke his toy
which of the following is the best explanation of what research has found in regard to thinking patterns in antisocial behavior?
A lack of concern or empathy for others as well as a lack of remorse or guilt for ones actions characterize
which of the following are associated with children diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder?
mood and anxiety disorder
substance use disorders
Research has shown that changing aggressive children's
thinking patterns can reduce their aggressive behaviors
the fact that biological social and cognitive factors interact and contribute to antisocial behaviors is the basis for the
some of the factors to which children with conduct disorder are exposed including which of the following?
maternal drug use, poor prenatal nutrition, pre- and postnatal exposure to toxic agents, child abuse, poverty, and the stress of growing up in a violent neighborhood
people who develop antisocial tendencies in adolescence are ___________ to have a combination of biological and environmental risk factors.
which of the following are treatments for conduct and oppositional defiant disorders?
cognitive behavioral therapies for antisocial behaviors involve which of the following?
using self talk to control impulsive behaviors
learning to take the perspectives of others
changing family interaction patterns
The first step in cognitive-behavioral therapy
is to teach children to recognize situations that trigger anger or aggressive and impulsive behaviors.
Therapists teach adaptive problem-solving skills
by discussing real and hypothetical problem situations with children and helping them generate positive solutions.
many psychosocial therapies for conduct with conduct disorder include
parents particularly if the family dynamics support the children's behavior
what strategy can be employed to prevent relapse after cognitive-behavioral therapy for conduct disorder?
which of the following are components of the Fast Track program designed to work with children with diagnoses of conduct disorder?
contributors to antisocial personality disorder include
genetics, executive functioning deficits and neurological malformations
elton has a criminal background and has a dizygotic twin named Ed. According to twin studies the concordance rate that Ed also has a criminal record?
who of the following could no be diagnosed with intermittent explosive disorder?
is given to individuals age 6 and older who engage in relatively frequent impulsive acts of aggression
deficits in executive function that are typically in those with diagnoses of antisocial personality disorder?
he ability to sustain concentration, abstract reasoning, concept and goal formation, the ability to anticipate and plan, the capacity to program and initiate purposive sequences of behavior, self-monitoring and self-awareness, and the ability to shift from maladaptive patterns of behavior to more adaptive ones
one of the biggest problems with people with antisocial personality disorder is that they don't believe they need treatment
which of the following constitute the diagnostic criteria for antisocial personality disorder?
disregard for social norms
deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases or conning others
impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
Cognitive-behavioral treatments for intermittent explosive disorder
help individuals identify and avoid triggers for explosive outbursts and appraise situations in ways that do not provoke aggression on their part
for people diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder
low arousal also may be an uncomfortable state and may lead to stimulation seeking
Adoption studies find that the criminal records of adopted sons are
more similar to the criminal record of their biological father than to that of their adoptive father
cleckley and Hare's definition of a psychopath?
a superficial charm, a grandiose sense of self-worth, a tendency toward boredom and a need for stimulation, a history of pathological lying, cunning and manipulativeness, and a lack of remorse.
50 to 80 percent
of men in prison may be diagnosable with antisocial personality disorder
treating people with antisocial personality disorder?
help them to develop greater empathy
helping them to gain control over anger and impulsivity
developing alternative coping strategies
mask of sanity
superficial social charm in order to achieve their goals
one of the most common personality disorders is
antisocial personality disorder
it is estimated that about ________ percent of the population could be diagnosed with intermittent explosive disorder
Those who are rewarded for antisocial behaviors by family and peers may develop antisocial personalities, whereas those who are consistently punished for such behaviors and are given alternative, more neutral options for behavior may not
fearlessness os a component of
antisocial personality disorder
Those genes most frequently implicated in adult antisociality are genes associated with functioning in the serotonin system, which is involved in impulsivity, and genes associated with
functioning in the dopamine system, which is involved in reward seeking and processing.
one theory of intermittent explosive disorder is that the cause is an imbalance of endorphins
it is estimated that as many as 80 percent of people diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder
describe the quality of outburst with intermittent explosive disorder
verbal and physical aggression
families whose members engage in antisocial behavior may experience downward social drift:
The adults in these families cannot keep good jobs, and the families' socioeconomic status tends to decline, leading to the children growing up in poor surroundings, where they are exposed to toxins that can damage their developing brains.
a person must be at least 21 years old to be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder
used to control impulsive and aggressive behaviors in people diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder
theory of intermittent explosive disorder is that impulsive aggressive behavior is caused by
imbalances in serotonin
antisocial personality disorder
no ethnic or racial differences have been found
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