History and Geography 800 - Unit 7: The Industrial Nation
Terms in this set (84)
The religious revolution in Europe that began by reforming Catholicism and ended by establishing Protestantism was called the:
A rebirth of trade and commerce in Europe was brought about by the:
Who led the Reformation movement?
Who invented the printing press?
What impact did Gutenberg's printing press have on the spread of God's Word?
Faster production of the bible and the scripture were more available.
flying shuttle, 1773.( small fabric loom weaver)
spinning jenny (thread weaver)
_______________ and ____________________ supplied England's work force.
Rural families and Irish immigrants
The South had the following elements for large plantations:
good climate, rich soil, and slave labor.
The United States wanted to prove to England that: Select all that apply
it was not inferior and it could succeed in industry.
Natural resources adding to the development of industry in the United States were:
coal supply and rivers and streams.
Businessmen from_______________ had made fortunes in trade and shipbuilding and wanted to invest in United States industry.
The Industrial Revolution in the United States was made possible by:
natural resources and man-power.
Which of the natural resources in the United States aided industrial growth?
coal, lumber, fast-moving streams, oil deposits, varied climate, and iron ore.
The invention of labor-saving devices for the farmer was known as the ___________________________.
As goods were produced in greater numbers, cost to the consumer went down. True or false?
Steel plow( better than iron)
Shipbuilding and trading made New England's businessmen wealthy. True or false?
Accomplishments of England's Industrial Revolution were the:
spinning jenny, flying shuttle, and steam engine.
Things that affected the Industrial Revolution in the United States included:
Agricultural revolution, immigrants.
Inventions of the Agricultural Revolution in the United States included:
the cotton gin
the threshing machine
the iron and steel plow
What were the effects of the Industrial Revolution?
-Prices of raw materials declined.
Before _____, roads badly needed improvement.
Colonial goods were hauled by trains. TRUE OR FALSE?
The national road built in 1811 was the ________________________.
The Cumberland Road was a ________________ road.
The telegraph allowed voice communication between _____________________________.
any two points connected by a telegraph wire.
The success of the Erie Canal helped make _____________ a shipping giant.
New York City
Steamships allowed goods to be shipped ______________ for the first time.
________,______________, &____________ grew from steamboat trade.
New Orleans, Louisville, and St. Louis
Railroads caused increased production in other industries such as-
iron and steel industries.
The Erie canal
joined Lake Erie with the Hudson River
America's first railroad
Baltimore and Ohio
The reasons that Congress passed the Embargo Act in 1807 was:
It cut off trade with England.
It increased production in the United States.
It cut off trade with all foreign countries.
The War of 1812 was spurred by:
British ships capturing American sailors
British sailors deserting to American ships
Indian attacks blamed on Great Britain
________________ is a strong motivation factor in industrial production.
Production during war time is greatly _______________.
Select the correct answer: was this aided (A) or damaged(D) by the 19th century wars?
Who's system of standardized parts made uniform parts that could be exchanged for broken or worn parts?
Who's method of assembling cars piece by piece on a moving belt was called the assembly line?
By the early 1900s, what were the leading production areas in the United States?
By 1914, the five leading industries in the United States were:
food, textiles, steel, iron, and lumber.
Why did American industry switch from home businesses to factories?
-New machines needed a power source, so production had to be near one.
-Machines were too large for homes.
-Machines were too expensive for home businessmen.
Uses of oil:
lubrication for machine parts
kerosene for lamps
Uses of electricity in industry included:
operating communication systems
Developments improving business communication included the:
Inventions improving the distribution of industry's products included the:
Model T and steam-powered locomotive.
The total amount of money or property owned or used by a corporation or business.
Corporations secured large amounts of money needed to run large-scale productions. True or False?
Corporations were formed when several businesses or businessmen joined to form one large organization. True or False?
Stockholders elected _____________, who appointed _________, who determined the company's policies.
Stockholders shared in profits made by the corporation. True or false?
Much of the money that went into building corporations came from?
shipping and trade after the Civil War.
Most of the profits of corporations went into making their leaders wealthy. True or false?
One having great wealth and power.
Edward H. Harriman, William Vanderbilt, and James J. Hill
Factors needed for big business to be successful included:
Advantages corporations brought to America included:
larger variety of goods
Unions formed on behalf of the working man were:
Knights of Labor
The government helped combat large industries by:
controlling working hours
helping small businesses
Some good things done by corporations for the country were:
adding to economic development
Steps to control the power of corporations were taken by:
Why were labor unions needed?
-Individual workers who objected to conditions were simply fired.
-Unions could present a united front against employers.
What person's fortune was gained through the oil industry?
What person was noted for his banking achievements and financial rewards?
What did the Industrial Age do to the average working man's creativity and imagination?
-took away the average man's creativity and imagination
-brought about assembly lines, which eliminated creativity
-made it so the average working man could only take orders, not think
It was difficult to get ahead in factory work.True or false?
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