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Chapt. 15 Section 1: North and Central African Societies
Terms in this set (14)
What are the Efe?
A forest dwelling modern day hunter-gatherer society living in the Republic of Congo.
How to the Efe get their food?
They went by the term of hunting and gathering, where the women would gather food and the men would kill antelope.
What was the Social Structure of the Efe?
They did not have any kind of chief, only the eldest in the family would have the say if you leve or stay with the group.
What is a lineage?
Organized family groups decided by past generations of ancestors.
What is a stateless society?
The system of non centralized power and governing based on lineage, and distributing power equally among lineages.
How are possessions and property passed on in a stateless society?
By determining heirs' precedence and relationship within a lineage.
How do Patrilineal societies trace lineage?
Lineage and ancestry is traced through father. Inheritance is passed from father to son.
How do Matrilineal societies trace lineage?
Lineage and ancestry is traced through mother. Men inherit land and wealth through mother's family.
How did Islam spread through Africa?
After Mohammad's death, Muslims spread, converting Africans by conquest and in some cases peacefully.
How did Islam effect different African societies?
Islam united Africans under one religion, but was interpreted differently by different cultures, creating new cultures, laws, and systems.
Who were the Berber?
They were an African mountain dwelling society who were among the first to convert to Islam, helping unite Maghrib under Islam.
Who were the Almoravids?
They were a devout group of Berber Muslims who created a strict empire, and spread Islam through northern Africa by conquest.
Who were the Almohads?
They were a group of Muslim reformers seized power of Maghrab, reformed back to traditional Islam, and further expanded their empire and Islam by conquest.
What kind of power did they use?
economic and political power.