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Ancient Hebrew Test Study Guide
Terms in this set (71)
the Hebrews' religion
What happened before Abraham left Mesopotamia?
God spoke to Abraham.
Why did Moses led the Hebrews of Egypt?
to escape slavery
What is the Exodus?
the Hebrews departure from Egypt
After returning to Canaan, what did the Hebrews call themselves?s
How was King David different from King Saul?
David was a stronger King
Who became king of the Israelites after David?
Which event took place before the Babylonian Captivity?
The Assyrians conquered the Jews.
Did the Canaanites ever control the Israelites?
Who chose a Hebrew woman's husband?
What Hebrew woman is seen as a model of devotion to one's family?
What prompted the pharaoh to free the Hebrews?
A series of plagues that struck Egypt
What does monotheism mean?
believing in only one God
What are the central beliefs of Judaism?
God, education, justice and obedience
What is the torah?
The most sacred text in Judaism (first 5 books of the OT)
What is a Jewish house of worship called?
How are Mosaic laws different from the Ten Commandments?
Mosaic laws guide Jews' daily lives
What are prophets?
People who receive messages from God
What is the purpose of the Talmud?
to explain Jewish law
What id the Dead Sea Scrolls help scholars learn about?
how the Jews lived around 2,000 years ago
What shows the Jews' belief in justice and righteousness?
Jews are expected to be fair in business dealings.
What was Judaism's effect on later cultures?
Judaism helped shape Western cultures.
What is one way to honor the Sabbath?
Do not work on the weekend.
How did Judaism influence the development of Islam?
The first people to follow Islam believed they descended from Abraham.
What are Orthodox Jews?
Jewish people today who strictly follow the Mosaic laws.
What did Zealots hope to achieve?
to overthrow the Romans
How did the first Jewish revolt against Rome end?
With the burning of the Second Temple
What conclusion can you draw about the Jews who locked themselves into Masada?
They were committed to defending their way of life.
What happened after the second Jewish revolt against Rome?
Many Jews moved throughout the Mediterranean region
What are rabbis?
Jewish religious leaders
Who are the Ashkenazim?
Jews who moved to Eastern Europe
Why did the Ashkenazim and Sephardim develop different rituals and cultures?
They lived in different parts of the world.
What is the language of the Sephardim?
What holiday celebrates the rededication of the Second Temple?
What event do Jews remember when celebrating Passover?
What do traditions and holy days help Jewish people understand?
their Jewish history
What is considered the most holy day of the year by Jews?
How did the event at Masada end?
The Jews there took their own lives.
What are the first five books of the Hebrew Bible called?
When Abraham left Mesopotamia, where did he settle?
What was David's most important contribution as king of Israel?
He defeated the Philistines and made Jerusalem his capital
Coud a Hebrew woman inherit property?
Only if she had no brothers
Who led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt?
When were the Dead Sea Scrolls found?
What was the first monotheistic religion?
What are the 10 commandments?
moral laws given to Moses by God
What is Canaan?
The land to which Abraham moved
What is Judah?
One of the kingdoms formed when Israel split apart
Who built the great temple to God in Jerusalem?
What is the diaspora?
The scattering of Jews outside of Israel and Judah
What is the language of the Ashkenazim?
What does the Hebrew Bible consist of?
The Torah, messages of propets, books of poetry and song
Who was the first king of Israel?
Who is Ruth?
A Hebrew woman who left her people to care for her mother-n-law
What are prophets?
People who receive messages from God.
What is Rosh Hashanah?
A High Holy Day celebrating the Jewish New Year
What is Hanukkah?
festival of lights; it honors the rededication of the Second Temple during the revolt of the Maccabees
What is Passover?
a time for Jews to remember the Exodus
What is Yom Kippur?
This Jewish High Holy Day is celebrated in the Fall and is a day for forgiveness, prayer and fasting
Who are gentiles?
Where were the Dead Sea Scrolls found?
found by some boys next to the dead sea in the qumran caves.
When were the Dead Sea Scrolls written?
between 100 BC and 50 AD
Who wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls?
Early Hebrews called the Essenes
Who was Abraham?
A patriarch of the Jews. God promised him a new land and make his descendants into a mighty nation.
What is the Talmud?
A set of commentaries, stories, and folklore
What are Zealots?
a group of rebellious Jews
What is anti-Semitism?
Persecution of the Jews
What is the Holocaust?
in 1940's, Hitler killed 6 million Jews
Who is Muhammad?
A prophet in Islam religion
What are the rules for "keeping kosher"
the dietary laws of the bible - example not eating meat with dairy
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