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Arts and Humanities
Bioethics Exam 2 (Johnston)
Terms in this set (62)
according to Benedict, morally right is synonymous with?
the following is an example of what logical form: if P, then Q. If not P, so not Q.
goals of treatment
according to JSW, which questions fall under the topic of medical indications?
comfort and palliative care
according to JSW, which questions fall under the topic of quality of life?
according to JSW, which principles fall under the topic of contextual features?
beneficence and non-maleficence
according to JSW, which principles fall under the topic of medical indications?
clinical research and teaching
according to JSW, which questions fall under the topic of contextual features?
not refuse a blood-transfusion treatment of their child
according to Macklin, Jehovah witness parent can...
both a and b (first and second trimester)
Jehovah's witness pregnant women can refuse blood transfusion in the...
the view that pleasure and the absence of pain are the sole ultimate ends of human action
(a) Rely on paradigm cases and
(b) refer to broad consensus
according to Jonsen, what should be supplemented to the early casuist method?
examples, enthymemes, maxims, common places (all of
according to Jonsen, what rhetorical categories were used by early casuists?
some rules are necessary for societies to exist
why does Rachels say that not every moral rule can vary from society to society?
according to Childress and Beauchamp, the four principles are autonomy, beneficence, non-malefince, and
Childress and Beauchamp's principlism is an example of what kind of moral theory?
Which laws holds that it is illegal for hospital emergency rooms to turn away patients?
Which is not one of the four topics JSW believe all cases should be analyzed by
Which philosopher is most akin to the approach taken by Childress and Beauchamp?
who thinks hedonic utilitarianism is true?
if utilitarianism were true, and both action A and B
produced the most amount of net happiness partially considered, which action should I perform?
ought to be shared equally by well and ill alike, except
when people can reasonably be expected to minimize those burdens by their own choices (the longest answer)
according to Menzel, the financial burdens of medical misfortunes...
both single and multi-payer systems
Menzel's mandated insurance applies to...
which philosopher is responsible for the prima facie duty?
in the documentary code black, which code color is it when "the emergency department is like Christmas and everyone is giving away baked hams"?
(t/f) Clouser and Gert give an explicit solution to the problems raised to Beauchamp and Childress
false can't be
(t/f) If cultural relativism were correct, then there can be objective and moral progress
false completely full
(t/f) Code Black is when the emergency room is relatively full
false widely accepted norms
(t/f) According to Benedict, An Action A, performed by member of the community C, is right if and only if the norms sometimes accepted in C require/permit A.
(t/f) according to cultural relativism, "stealing is wrong" represents a complete thought
(t/f) according to Rachels, there would be more cultural agreement than disagreement about moral matters
false not efficient
(t/f) according to Menzel, because of the EMTALA law we run into the problem of free-riding even though it is an efficient system
(t/f) according to Childress and Beauchamp, common sense morality does not ground our moral obligations
(t/f) According to Arras, reflective equilibrium claims that principles and cases do not have a dialectical and reciprocal relationship
(t/f) Dax Cowart case happened in 1972
False 1974 is before 1976
(t/f) Dax Cowart's case happened after the Quinlan case
(t/f) Dax Cowart's mother requested that he be allowed to die
(t/f) According to JSW, facts underneath the four topics should remain isolated from each other
false it should be an add on
(t/f) according to Menzel, insurance for someone when a case becomes in a permanent vegetative state should be mandated
false they should accept
(t/f) According to Jonsen ("Casuistry and Clinical Ethics") casuists should not accept probable certitude
false need multiple points of view
(t/f) According to Arras ("Getting Down to Cases"), the only point of view that is relevant in constructing a case is that of house officer/attending physician
(t/f) According to Arras, casuistry might be charged with having perfect concreteness and relevance at the expense of philosophical criticism
(t/f) According to Arras ("Getting Down to Cases") casuistry does not require principles of relevance
(t/f) According to Arras ("Getting Down to Cases"), casuistry could run into the problem of missing out on "big questions" like what type of life is worth living
(t/f) according to Childress and Beauchamp, killing is prima facie wrong
false top-down and bottom-up
(t/f) reflective equilibrium is a top-down method approach
false not action guiding
(t/f) clouser and gert think the principles of 4 beauchamp and childress are action guiding
(t/f) the hidden premise in the enthymeme "advice is freely given because so much of it is useless" is the following: all freely given away things are useless...
(t/f) according to Arras, casuistry is viewed as as a defense of Aristotelian practical wisdom.
false not justice
(t/f) According to JSW, all four principles of Beauchamp and Childress apply to the topic "quality of life"
false realistic moral right
(t/f) According to Menzel, we have an abstract moral right to a basic minimum of accessible health care
false it is
(t/f) According to Mezel, the right we have to health care is not a "claim right"
(t/f) suppose deontology were true and my only motive was to tell the truth. this would entail that i must tell a naziss officer that i am hiding jewish runaways in my basement (suppose i am hiding them)
(t/f) in the documentary CODE BLACK, one of the doctors equated modern emergency rooms to the churches of the medieval ages.
at first glance
What does "prima facia" mean?
Bedau Self Defense Question
to avoid injuring others
What is non-malificence?
the golden rule
Kantian Condition Question
false unless it says some
(t/f) Bedau has a right to ________ means sufficent
False not interfered with
(t/f) A negative right is to be interfered with.
False in the LA hospital
(t/f) The C booth in the SF gen hospital is the historical starting point of ED in US
false according to deontology
(t/f) The presidential Guard case: According to utilitarism, both are morally praiseworthy.
(t/f) The shared Disaster "when most could survive if a few would volunteer"
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