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65 terms

Unit 8 Ch. 26 & 27

STUDY
PLAY
Betty Friedan
Author of The Feminine Mystique
Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician who wrote a highly influential book on child care
Martin Luther King, Jr
Spokes person for the Montgomery bus boycott
Adlai Stevenson
Deomocratic canddate for President in 1952 & 1956
Richard Nixon
Eisenhower's vice-presidential running mate
Jonas Salk
Doctor who developed a vaccine against polio
William Levitt
Developer who mass-produced new communities in suburbs
Jackie Robinson
First African American to play major league baseball, and proven his ability to overcome racial injustice
Per capita income
Average income per person
Baby boom
High birth rate that followed WW II
GI Bill
Gave WW II veterns benifits like college tuition and low-interest mortgage loans
Integration
Bringing together different races
Modern republicanism
President Eisenhower's conservative approach to government
Franchise
Gives a group or individual the right to market a company's goods or services
Conglomerate
Giant corporation who invests in a wide range of businesses that produce different kinds of goods and services.
Transistor
Tiny circuit that improved the transmission of electronic signals
Winston Churchill
Proclaimed that an iron curtain separated communist Eastern Europe from the Capitalist Western Europe
John Foster Dulles
Made it clear that the US would risk war to protect its national interests, a policy called brinkmanship
Fidel Castro
In 1959 overthrew the Cuban Dictatorship
George MacArthur
Led United Nations forces during the Korean War
Mao Zedong
Led the Communist forces that took control of China in 1949
George C. Marshall
Drafted a plan to help European nations rebuild after WW II
Iron curtain
Imaginary line that divided Europe between capitalist West and Communist East
Berlin airlift
Provided vital supplies to a region blockaded by the Soviet Union
Blacklist
Showed the names of people whom employers agree not to hire
Containment
Resist and stop the spread of communism
HUAC
Investigated the motion picture industry for communist influences
Arms race
Struggle between the US and the Soviet Union to gain weapons superiority
Satellie nation
Controlled politically and economically by the Soviet Union
Marshall Plan
Pledged American financial aid to all European nations following WW II
Cold War
Competition that developed between the US & Soviet Union for power and influences in the world
Domino theory
If one country falls to communism its neighbors will soon follow
Rosa Parks
Helped the Montgomery bus boycott
Brown v. Board of Education
Segregation was no longer permisible in public schools
The Arkansas National Guard was under federal command
To integrate Central High School
What roles were women expected to fullfil in the 1950's
Full-time homemakers
What effect did the transistor have on technology
Reduced the size of electronic appliances
Beatniks
They rebelled against conformity and traditional social patterns. Spontanity over comformity
Taft-Hartley Act
Restrict labor strikes that threatened the national interest
The effect conglomerates and the franchise system have on the American society
Contributed to major business expansion
Factor that made it seem that Harry Truman had little chance of winning reelection
Lost some support in his own party
Satellite nations
Nations dominated by the Soviet Union
Truman Doctrine
Support nations trying to resist Soviet control
The Soviet Union reacted to the Marshall Plan
Soviet blockade of West BerlinIn
Response to the information of NATO
The Soviet Union created the Warsaw Pact
Outcome of the Korean War
Korea remained divided at almost exactly the same place as before the war
Disagreement over which issue worsened relations between the US and Soviet Union
Polands future
Impact that Joseph McCarty had on American society
He encouraged a widespread fear of communism
Reson the US became involved in the affairs in the MIddle East aftr WW II
Prevent oil rich nations Arab nations from Soviet influence
Major goal of US policy in Latin America
Protect American financial investments
The US succeeded to keep South Korea free of communism in the
The Korean War
President Truman's Federal Employee Loyalty Program and Senator Joseph McCarty's hearings
Exposed Communists in the US
NATO was based on the principle of
Collective security
Yalta conference
Divided the defeated Germany into four sectors. American, British, French, and Soviet
Truman Doctrine's immmediate result
Congress approved $400 million to help Turkey & Greece resist Soviet influence
Sputnik
Caused Congress to increase spending on teaching science and math
Took action to end segregation
Rosa Parks, Thurgood Marshall, Rosa Parks, and Martin Luther KIng, Jr.
Benjamin Spock believed
That women should stay home with their children
President Truman's greatest challenge in reconverting to peacetime economy was
Keeping inflation in check
Business expansion after WW II
Shift from blue-collar to white-collar jobs
Long lasting effect of the major highway projects
Less reliance on the public transportation system
Gross National Product in the US
More than doubled in the postwar years
The trial and execution of Ethel & Julius Rosenberg
Intensified the fear of communism as an internal threat to the US
Josip Broz (Tito)
Defied Stalin and ruled Yugoslavia free of Soviet interference
President Eisenhower's domestic policy reflected Coolidge and Hoover
He favored big business