Band Final

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Accidental
Any sharp, flat, or natural sign in front of a note is called an...
Bar Line
A ... is a vertical line that divides the staff into measures
Bass Cleff
The ... is a sign written at the beginning of each staff which designates the letter names of the lines and spaces. Tuba, trombone, baritone, bassoon, bass, and timpani use this.
Breath Mark
A sign telling you when to take a breath is called a...
Common Time
This is another way to write 4/4
D.C. al Fine
... stands for "Da Capo" which, in Italian, means "the head";... means "end";... tells you to go back to the beginning and play until you see the word "Fine".
Divisi (Div.)
One person/group plays the bottom notes and another person/group plays the top notes.
Dynamics (pp...p...mp...mf...f...ff)
... are words or signs indicating how loud/soft to play.
Fermata
A .. is the "bird's eye" symbol that tells you to hold a note longer than its normal length. It can appear above or below a note. When following a conductor, watch him/her to know how long the note is held.
First & Second Endings
When you see these, play until the end of the first ending then repeat the music. The second time through, skip over the first ending and jump directly to the second ending.
Flat
This sign lowers the pitch by one half-step. The ... sign always appears before the note. When saying the name of the note, make sure to say,"..." after the letter name.
Key Signature
The list of sharps or flats appearing right after the clef sign that affect certain notes throughout a piece of music is called a ... . The sharp/flat symbols sit on the line or space of the note they affect.
Ledger Line
A ... is a short, horizontal line drawn underneath or above the staff for notes too low or too high to appear on the staff.
Measure
A ... is the distance between two bar lines. It is sometimes called a "bar".
Multiple Measure Rest
This sign indicates a rest of more than one measure. The number of measures to rest is given above the symbol.
Natural
A natural sign cancels a sharp or flat. The natural sign always appears before the note. When saying the name of the note, make sure to say,"..." after the letter name.
Ostinato
An ... is a repeated musical phrase. It's usually used as an accompaniment.
Pick-up Note(s)
This is a note(s) that comes before the first full measure.
Repeat Sign
A ...(s) defines a section of music to be repeated.
Sharp
This sign raises the pitch by one half-step. The sharp sign always appears before the note. When saying the name of a note, make sure to say,"..." after the letter name.
Slur
A ... is a curved line connecting two or more notes of different pitches. You only tongue the first note.
Soli
A ... occurs when an entire instrumental section plays the melody together.
Solo
A ... occurs when only one person is playing.
Staff
The ... is the collection of five horizontal lines on which music is written.
Tempo
The speed (also called ...) of the music is determined by how many beats occur every minute. A fast ... has more beats per minute than does a slow ... .
Tie
A ... is a curved line connecting two or more notes of the same pitch. You only tongue the first note of a tie.
Time Signature
A ... is the sign that appears right after the key signature in a piece of music. It's made up of two numbers. The top number tells you how many beats are in each measure; and, the bottom number tells you what type of note gets one beat.
Treble Clef
A sign written at the beginning of each staff which designates the letter names of the lines and spaces. Flute, oboe, clarinet, saxophone, trumpet, french horn, and mallet percussion use this.
Tutti
... means that everyone is playing at the same time.