39 terms

2017 Rights and Protest Part 1: South African History

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Bantu migration
The movement of the Bantu peoples southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
Xhosa
a member of a South African people traditionally living in the Eastern Cape Province. They form the second largest ethnic group in South Africa after the Zulus.
Dutch East India Company
A company founded by the Dutch in the early 17th century to establish and direct trade throughout Asia. Richer and more powerful than England's company, they drove out the English and Established dominance over the region. It ended up going bankrupt and being bought out by the British
Cape of Good Hope
Southern tip of Africa; first circumnavigated in 1488 by Portuguese in search of direct route to India.
Trekboers
Dutch farmers that spread inland from Cape Town acquiring land along the way
Khoikhoi
enslaved indigenous people by the Boers. The British would eventually get into a war with the Boers because they were committed to overthrowing slavery.
Boer
Also known as Afrikaners, the sector of the white population of South Africa that was descended from early Dutch settlers
Orange Free State
One of two Boer states in the interior by 1850. a province in central South Africa that was colonized by the Boers.
Transvaal
Region of Southern Africa originally founded by Afrikaners; became a source of interest for the British following the discovery of gold and diamonds => Boer War
Natal
A western coastal region in South Africa controlled by the British.
Great Trek
A migration of Dutch colonists out of British-controlled territory in South Africa during the 1830s.
Zulu
A people of modern South Africa whom King Shaka united beginning in 1818.
Shaka Zulu
Leader of Zulu people, Around 1816 used highly disciplined warriors and good military organization to create a large centralized state. The Zulu land became part of British-controlled land in 1887.
Mfecane
Wars of 19th century in southern Africa; created by Zulu expansion under Shaka; revolutionized political organization of southern Africa and depopulated the interior of South Africa.
Voortrekers
Boers who went on the Great Trek and moved very far north to escape British rule and grievances in Cape Colony
Battle of Blood River
Battle where boers defeated zulu. Zulu army of 10000 attacked Pretorius. 530 boers arranged wagons in a lager. Boers kill over 3000 Zulus, only three boers slightly injured.
Afrikaner
South Africans descended from Dutch and French settlers of the seventeenth century. Their Great Trek founded new settler colonies in the nineteenth century. Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910.
First Anglo-Boer War
Conflict between British and Boers. Fought over diamonds, trade routes to India, and land. Brits try to outlaw slavery which was heavily used by the Boers.
Mineral revolution
of diamonds, gold, etc. which boosted the economy and led to massive urbanization, which serves as a starting point for apartheid policy in need of cheap labor.
Witwatersrand
World's largest and richest gold field.
Johannesburg
the african city that owes its origins to gold and mining operations
Uitlander
a British resident in the former republics of the Transvaal and Orange Free State
Jan Smuts
He was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman and military leader who was the prime minister of the Union of South Africa. He was a supporter of racial segregation in the beginning but later changed his mind. He led a campaign against the Boers in the Second Boer war.
Jameson Raid
a failed raid on the Transvaal Republic carried out by a British colonial and his troops. It was intended to trigger an uprising by the workers in the Transvaal. The raid was ineffective & no uprising took place, but it provoked Second Boer War.
Boer War
(1899-1902) War between Great Britain and the Boers in South Africa over control of rich mining country. Great Britain won and created the Union of South Africa comprised of all the South African colonies.
Act of Union
A law combining the previously independent republics of South Africa into a single country.
Dominion Status
A nation within the British Empire that controls its own domestic and foreign affairs, but is tied to Britain by allegiance to the British monarch.
South African Party (SAP)
The first party to control South Africa after the Act of Union.
Louis Botha
An Afrikaner who was the first Prime Minister of the Union South Africa.
South African Native National Congress
This political group strived to gain more civil rights for non-white Africans. They did so by protesting laws. The party was founded in 1912
National Party
The governing party of South Africa from 1948 until 1994, and was disbanded in 2005. Its policies included apartheid, the establishment of a South African Republic, and the promotion of Afrikaner culture.
JBM Hertzog
A South African prime minister who advocated segregation but during World War II supported neutrality and so lost power. Crafted the Civilized Labour Policy.
Rand Revolt
A revolt of white miners against the white mine owners in 1922. Showed the class-based cracks in the segregationist system.
Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union
A black workers union based on the radical politics of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
Civilized Labour Policy
Implemented by Hertzog's Pact government in the early 1920s in order to replace Black workers with Whites (typically poor Afrikaners)
DF Malan
Afrikaner nationalist PM, advocate of fascism, racial purity, and designer of much of Apartheid
United Party
The party that advocated limited segregation that lost to the National Party in the 1948 elections.
Ossewabrandwag
A pro-nazi white nationalist party in South Africa
African National Congress
An organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it changed its name in 1923. Eventually brought greater equality.
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