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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
(OLD) History Benchmark
Terms in this set (19)
What was the main goal of the South in the Civil War?
The main goal of the South in the Civil War was to win
recognition as a free and independent country.
What battle was considered Lee's
most costly mistake? Why?
Gettysburg was considered Lee's most costly mistake because he
ordered Pickett's charge. Pickett lost approximately 7,000 men
in that charge. Lee's army never recovered from these losses.
What advantages did the South have at the beginning of the Civil War?
Southern advantages included fighting in familiar territory,
defensive war, better officers in the army, strong tradition of
military service, and more motivated to fight.
What was the main goal of the Union at the beginning of the Civil War? What new goal was added in the middle of the war?
Initially, the Union goal was to preserve the Union and later
fighting to end slavery was added as a goal.
What was significant about the Battle of Antietam?
Antietam was significant because it was the bloodiest single day
battle in American history and Lincoln freed the slaves after
What was significant about the Battle of Fredericksburg?
Fredericksburg was significant because it was one of the worst defeats for the Union army.
What advantages did the Union have at the beginning of the Civil War?
Union advantages included a larger population, more
manufacturing plants, more miles of railroad track, better
banking system, more industry, more ships, and more
What did the Emancipation
The Emancipation Proclamation stated that slaves in states still
in rebellion were freed.
After what battle did Lincoln decide to issue the Emancipation
Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation after the Union
victory at Antietam Creek.
Why did Lincoln issue the
In addition to freeing the slaves in the Confederacy, the Emancipation Proclamation also harmed the Confederate war effort by keeping Britain and France from recognizing the
Name four Union generals.
Union generals included George B. McClellan, Ulysses S. Grant,
William Tecumseh Sherman, and Philip Henry Sheridan.
Name four Confederate generals.
Confederate generals included Robert E. Lee, Thomas
"Stonewall" Jackson, James Longstreet, and George Pickett.
What problems did the South face
during the war?
Problems the South faced during the war included severe
shortages of essential goods, farmlands overrun, rail lines
torn up, inflation, food shortages, and arms and ammunition
In the Gettysburg Address, what did Lincoln state was his main goal?
In the Gettysburg Address, Lincoln once again said that his
main goal was to preserve the Union.
How did General Grant plan to end the war?
General Grant planned to end the war by fighting a total war to
destroy the South's ability to fight.
What did General Grant send
General Sherman to do?
General Grant sent General Sherman to march from Atlanta to
Savannah, as the army advanced it lived off the land and
destroyed anything useful to the South, in what was called the
"march to the sea".
What two battles were considered the turning point of the war?
Gettysburg and Vicksburg are considered the turning point of the war.
What was considered the first battle of the Civil War?
The first battle of the Civil War was the Battle of First Bull Run which is also known as Manassas Junction.
Why was the significance of
Appomattox was significant because it was the site where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant.
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