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FTCE Reading K-12 (Theorists ONLY!)
Terms in this set (29)
Adams, Marilyn Jager
A theorist in early reading (emergent reading) who has identified five tasks for phonemic awareness: Task 1- Ability to hear rhymes and alliteration. Task 2- Ability to do oddity tasks (recognize the member of a set that is different.) Task 3 -The ability to orally blend words and split syllables. Task 4 -The ability to orally segment word. Task 5- The ability to do phonics manipulation tasks.
Matching Text to Readers. Research has included reading and learning disabilities, and effective instruction in classroom settings.
Author of "In The Middle: Writing, Reading and Learning With Adolescents". She believes that students become better writers if they are given ownership of what they are writing and long uninterrupted blocks of time to write. Rejects lectures, assignments, tests and worksheets. Mini-lessons are good to address topics as needed.
BICS (Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (An ELL/Bilingual Education term)
Learning second-language skills and becoming proficient in a second language through face to face interaction-translation through speaking, listening, and viewing.
Brown & Palinscar
Reciprocal Teaching researchers
Writing and Reading Workshops. A "constructivist" who believes that children develop a passion for reading when they are given freedom to choose books that are meaningful to them. Her approach to literacy is that children work in small groups and consult each other as much as possible. She advocates that teachers routinely engage in conferences with each individual child about his writing and reading. Took Graves' ideas on writing and translated them to include reading.
The earliest reading researcher to come to the conclusion that phonics and decoding should be emphasized from the very beginning of reading instruction.
Chard and Osborn
Theorists who established guidelines for children with reading disabilities showing that it is essential for them to work intensely on the alphabetic principle/graphophenemic awareness.
A key theorist whose work has helped teacher's document children's oral reading progress throughout the school year. New Zealand born researcher in the field of special needs emergent literacy. Known for Running Records.
Cooper, J. David
Theorist who believes children should not be "taught" vocabulary and structural analysis. Views literacy as reading, writing, thinking, listening, viewing, and discussing−children learn these abilities by engaging in authentic explorations, readings, projects, and experiences.
An ELL term for second-language learners who have a positive attitude toward both first-language and second-language learning. These second-language learners, children from ELL backgrounds, are comfortable navigating back and forth between the two languages as they learn.
Dolch, Edward William
A major proponent of the "whole-word" method of beginning reading instruction. Prepared a sight word list in 1936 which was originally published in his book Problems in Reading in 1948. Still in use today.
A Professor of Educational Psychology at the Graduate Center, City University of New York--has developed a four phase model of how students learn to read words.
Ehri's Four Phases
1. Pre-alphabetic; 2. Partial-Alphabetic; 3. Full-alphabetic; 4. Consolidated-alphabetic
Flesch, Chall, Stahl, Adams, Johnson, and Bauman
Theorists who believe that a phonics-centered approach is crucial for reading success.
A key theorist who supports a phonics centered approach before the use of engaging reading texts. This is at the crux of the phonics versus whole language/balanced literacy/integrated language arts, teaching of reading controversy (The Reading Wars).
Theorist who developed a readability formula and graph.
Oral Language Acquisition Inventory and Oracy Instructional Guide (Oracy = Oral Language + Literacy).
Writing Workshop. Observed in the 1970s that children were rarely taught how to write beyond grammar and spelling. His idea was idea was to make them chidren conscious of what successful adult writers do—draft ideas, revise, edit, and publish. He sought to help them become more active in their own education, and not incidentally, more self-aware; he advocated that children write extensively about themselves and their observations.
Argued that universal public education was the best way to turn the nation's unruly children into disciplined, judicious republican citizens. built public secular schools in Massachusetts with most states following. "Normal schools" to train professional teachers. Mann has been credited by educational historians as the "Father of the Common School Movement".
Gradual Release of Responsibility. This instructional model requires that the teacher, by design, transitions from assuming "all the responsibility for performing a task...to a situation in which the students assume all of the responsibility."
Comprehension Strategy Instruction. A complex instructional process for teaching students to use multiple comprehension strategies flexibly and
Described the act of reading as a dynamic "transaction" between the reader and the text. She argued that the meaning of any text lay not in the work itself but in the reader's interaction with it. Her work made her a well-known reader-response theorist (Transactional Theory or Approach).
Researcher and author who shows teachers how to teach consistent with findings in reading research yet also with highly practical "scripted lessons" and teaching tips that make the classroom come alive. She advocates for literature-based teaching and meaning-centered approaches for learning. (Elementary Level)
Stahl, Stephen A
Nationally known researcher in the areas of beginning reading, phonics, fluency, and vocabulary instruction.
Elementary teacher and researcher. Work focuses on a series of interconnected interactions with the learner rather than on a prescribed set of skills. The interactions include: assessment, demonstration, practice, and response.
Noted for her research in the study of dyslexia and its myths.
Zone of Proximal Development
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
FTCE Reading K-12
FTCE Reading k-12
Reading K-12 FTCE
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