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The Civil War
Terms in this set (60)
A piece of U.S. paper money first issued by the North during the Civil War.
When they were first printed, U.S. paper dollars had black ink on the front and green on the back, hence the nickname "greenback."
Nickname given to the Peace Democrats by the Republicans.
The Copperheads opposed the Civil War and wanted an immediate peace settlement with the Confederacy.
Requiring people to enter military service.
Conscription was first introduced in the United States by the Union army during the Civil War.
The right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime.
The right to habeas corpus can be suspended in times of national emergency.
James Mason was President pro tempore of the Senate during the Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth Congresses but was expelled from the Senate in 1861 for support of the Confederacy.
Trying to make allies, the Confederacy assigned James Mason as a permanent minister to express their interest to Britain.
In 1861, trying to make allies, the Confederacy assigned John Slidell as a permanent minister to express their interest to France, resulted in the Trent Affair.
John Slidell was arrested by the Union forces and then released when his arrest was about to become an international incident.
The Trent Affair was an international diplomatic incident, in which two Confederate envoys to England were captured by Union forces, that occurred during the American Civil War. The U.S. and the United Kingdom came dangerously close to war as a result.
The Trent Affair had the unexpected effect of building confidence between the governments of Britain and the United States.
The act of wearing down by constant harassment or attack.
A long, slow battle of constant harassment or attack would eventually be won by attrition.
A plan, devised by Winfield Scott, to slowly deprive the South of resources until they surrender.
Winfield Scott proposed the Anaconda Plan to strangle the South's ability to receive supplies or to transport exports, and eventually defeat them without major bloodshed.
The Trent Affair brought the
Confederacy close to war with Britain.
The North had all of the following advantages over the South EXCEPT:
One of the big advantages of the North was its much larger population and its centralized government.
Which of the following describes Lee's feelings about the decision he must make regarding his loyalties to the North and South?
Lee is conflicted over the decision to resign from the Union army. Although he will fight to defend Virginia, he hopes never to have to fight against Union soldiers.
Before 1860, the South had no major facilities for making gunpowder and only one factory capable of producing cannons, the
Tredegar Iron Works
Lincoln suspended writs of habeas corpus. As a result,
a person could be imprisoned indefinitely without trial.
Despite being _______________, Robert E. Lee signed on as a Confederate General because he was __________________.
anti-slavery / pro-Virginia
According to the graph above, ____ was the Confederacy's strongest resource in the Civil War years.
products that were exported
In an attempt to gain control of the situation in the United States during the Civil War, Lincoln suspended the writs of habeas corpus. Which of the following statements best describes what this means?
Lincoln took away the Constitutional right to a speedy trial and jailed Confederate supporters within the Union, indefinitely.
When General Lee spoke the words above, you would expect that he was speaking of
his loyalty to the South
Stonewall Jackson was a nickname given to General Thomas Jackson probably the most revered military leader of the Confederacy after Robert E. Lee.
Stonewall Jackson received his nickname at the First Battle of Bull Run.
Irwin McDowell was the Union commander during the First Battle of Bull Run.
Irwin McDowell's defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run was an indication that the Civil War might be a long war.
A sum of money given as a reward, as to encourage enlistment in the army.
A bounty system was used in the American Civil War as an incentive to get volunteers to join.
Ship that runs through a blockade, usually to smuggle goods through a protected area.
The Confederate States of America and Nazi Germany are notable users of blockade runners.
David G. Farragut
Took command of a Union force composed of 42 warships and 15,000 soldiers led by Benjamin Butler. Went on to help the North secure the South's largest city, and center of cotton trade.
Rear Admiral David G. Farragut's Union Navy was victorious in defeating Confederate forces at New Orleans and Mobile Bay.
Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant was the last Commander of the Union forces in the Civil War.
After gaining control of the Mississippi River and his victory at Chattanooga in late 1863, Lincoln made Ulysses S. Grant general-in-chief of all Union armies.
George B. McClellan
Ordered by President Lincoln to lead the Union army in the east.
Despite his lack of strong success on the battlefield, George B. McClellan was very popular with the soldiers, who felt that he had their morale and well-being as his primary concerns.
A decree freeing all enslaved persons in states still in rebellion after January 1, 1863.
President Abraham Lincoln felt that there was enough public and political sentiment in the country to act in issuing his Emancipation Proclamation.
After reading this quote from a reporter's depiction of the first Battle of Bull Run, you might say that both armies were
unprepared for such a bloody battle
According to the map above, between 1862 and 1863, the state of ____ saw the greatest number of Union battle victories.
This Union general's victories in the West cut the Confederacy in half, after they lost control of the Mississippi River.
If Civil War troops were to draw any conclusions from the Battle of Bull Run, as described above, they would
realize they had underestimated the violent forces at work during a battle
Early on April 6, 1862, Confederate forces launched a surprise attack on Grant's troops who were camped about 20 miles north of Corinth, Mississippi, near a small church named
In April 1862, New Orleans, the South's largest city and a center of the cotton trade, was in Union hands due to a daring decision made by
David G. Farragut.
It was clear that a large, well-trained army would be needed to defeat the South after the Union defeat at
the First Battle of Bull Run.
Although many battles were fought in Virginia, according to the map above, which of the following battles was not?
led newspapers to demand that Lincoln fire Grant
Battle of Shiloh
As far as President Lincoln was concerned the aggressiveness of the battles in the West was the type of action he wanted out of the Union troops and their leaders.
One of the first African American regiments officially organized in the North.
The 54th Massachusetts, a regiment comprised mostly of African-Americans, became one of the best regiments in the Union Army.
Save and Exit
A hard biscuit made of wheat flour.
For long voyages, hardtack was baked four times, rather than the more common two, and prepared six months before sailing.
Became the first woman to earn a medical degree in the United States or Europe. In 1857 she founded the New York Infirmary for Women and Children.
Elizabeth Blackwell gained admittance at Geneva College in New York from which she graduated with a medical degree.
United States Sanitary Comission
The United States Sanitary Commission was an organization started by Elizabeth Blackwell, that provided medical assistance and supplies to army camps and hospitals.
The United States Sanitary Commission was an official agency of the United States government to coordinate the volunteer efforts of women to contribute to the war effort of the Union states during the American Civil War.
Left her job in a patent office to nurse soldiers on the Civil War battlefield.
Clara Barton is best known for founding the American Red Cross.
The commandant at Andersonville prison. He became the only person executed for war crimes during the Civil War.
Henry Wirz was a prison guard at Camp Sumter military prison in the South.
The location in the South where 13,000 captured Union soldiers died was
Lee's attack at Cold Harbor resulted in a major defeat for his troops.
Union victories in the west made it difficult for these two states to send supplies east. Name the two states.
After the Battle of Gettysburg, Lee's forces remained on the defensive for the rest of the war.
Which Union general successfully gained complete control of the Mississippi river after his victory at Vicksburg?
Lincoln rewarded Grant for his victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg by promoting him to general.
searching and raiding for food as the soldiers marched
Benjamin Grierson's forces traveled 600 miles in order to
distract Confederate forces so Grant could land south of Vicksburg.
The Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee was a decisive victory for the Confederate army and allowed them to move Northward.
Which Union victory cut the Confederacy in two?
Who led the raids that distracted Confederate troops, enabling General Grant to land his troops south of Vicksburg?
Capturing Vicksburg was an important objective for the North because
it was the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River and its capture would cut the South in two.
The capture of Vicksburg had given the Union control of the Mississippi River, while the victory at Chattanooga had secured eastern Tennessee and cleared the way for an invasion of
The Battle of Gettysburg was as far North as the Confederate troops ever ventured, had they won the battle the war would have turned in their favor, possibly with support by foreign powers.
This Confederate general's frontal charge was almost successful and could have changed the outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Which man's surrender at Appomattox Court House probably helped prevent large-scale guerilla warfare?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Postwar Social Change
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