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22 terms

Chapter 3

review
STUDY
PLAY
Historically, traditional drama begins when
spoken drama is introduced into shamanistic rites.
Ancient Egypt's Adydos Passion Play and other texts of that time employed plot elements that indicate they derived from even more ancient
ritualized reenactments of the coming of spring and celebration of vegetative rebirth.
When theatre historians speak of the "Greek theatre" they are speaking specifically about
Athens in the fifth century B.C.
The god of fertility, wine, agriculture, and sexuality was
Dionysus.
The dithyrambos was
an ancient, drunken, dance-chant fertility ritual that celebrated the birth of the wine god.
A satyr play was
a short bawdy farce that parodied the events of tragedy.
From the Greek word for dancing, what was the name given to the rectangular or circular ground-level playing space in Greek theatre used primarily by the chorus?
orchestra
From the word for hut or tent, the Greek version of dressing room was a wooden changing room called the
skene
18. The device by which the playwright offers revelations about past events in the play or characters' lives is called
exposition.
The flaw of overweening pride is known as
hubris.
Catharsis refers to an experience at the end of a tragedy in which the audience feels
a purgation of the feelings of pity and fear and a cleansing of emotions.
Which of the following would NOT describe the experience of catharsis experienced by an audience?
it excites emotions, preparing spectators for vigorous or violent social action outside the theatre
Which of the following is true of Titus Maccius Plautus (c.254-184 B.C.)?
His twenty-one plays are fast-paced, joke-filled, lusty stage romps filled with songs.
Which of the following is true of Publius Terentius Afer (c.190-159 B.C.)?
This freed African slave wrote six comedies, based on Greek models, that were highly prized during the Middle Ages for their rhetorical excellence and philosophic depth.
The foundations of theatre are ritual and dancing
FALSE
Although much Middle Eastern Drama had disappeared by the third century, the spread of Islam, beginning in the seventh century, provided fertile ground there for the development of live actor and puppet theatre in the Middle Ages.
FALSE
The Greek word for tragedy was tragoidia, which means goat song.
TRUE
The first word for actor was hypokrites, meaning "answerer."
TRUE
The genre that most closely preserved the spirit of the dithyramb was tragedy.
TRUE
Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides are the three famous masters of Greek tragedy.
TRUE
Hamartia refers to the error, flaw, or "sin" in a great hero
TRUE
Most extant Roman plays were adaptations of Greek models with Greek characters in Greek costumes, acting out Greek legends.
TRUE