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The focus of the DRIs is to promote health as opposed to exclusively centering on preventing disease
chemical elements or compounds in foods that have specific metabolic functions within the body
Glycogen is an important long-term storage form of energy and large amounts are stored in the liver and muscles
A quickly available but limited form of energy is stored in the liver by conversion of glucose to
The current DRIs recommend _______ of a person's total daily caloric intake to come from carbohydrate sources.
Soluble fiber is noted for its ability to bind bile acids and utimately lower blood chlesterol levels
Which of the following statements about the saturation of fats is correct
Fats composed of fatty acids with two or more double bonds in their structure are called polyunsaturated
If an individual implemented a low saturated fat diet to lower the risk for heart disease, which of the following foods would more frequently be consumed?
Olive oil and vinegar salad dressing
Once absorbed into the enterocyte, monoglycerides and fatty acids re-form triglycerides, which are then packaged into a lipoprotein called__________ for absorption into the lymphatic structure
Complete proteins of high biologic value are found in whole grains, dried beans and peas, and nuts.
The primary function of dietary protein is to supply the necessary amino acids to build and repair body tissue
Because they are smaller, infants and young children need less protein per unit of body weight than do adults
Positive nitrogen balance exists during periods of rapid growth (e.g., in infancy and adolescence).
Nine of the 20 amino acids are indispensable, meaning that
the body cannot make them and must obtain them from the diet
A complete protein food of high biologic value contains
all nine of the indispensable amino acids in correct proportion to meet human requirements
Vitamin A is fat soluble and formed from carotene in plant foods or consumed as the fully formed vitamin in animal foods. Which of the following supplies the greatest amount of this vitamin?
If you wanted to increase the vitamin C content of your diet, which of the following foods would you choose in larger amounts?
Green peppers, strawberries, and oranges
The formation of prothrombin for normal blood clotting purposes is a primary function of which fat-soluble vitamin?
Which mineral has the following functions: blood clotting, muscle and nerve action, and bone and teeth formation?
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