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33 terms

AP Music Theory Review Chps 1-3

Fundamentals, meter, and scales/keys/modes
STUDY
PLAY
simple duple
2/2, 2/4, 2/8 etc are examples of ____ time.
simple triple
3/16, 3/8, etc are examples of ___ time.
simple quadruple
4/16, 4/8 are examples are ____ time.
compound duple
6/8, 6/4, 6/2 are examples of ___ time.
compound triple
9/16, 9/8, 9/4 are examples of ___ time.
compound quadruple
12/8,12/2 are examples of ___ time.
asymmetrical
7/8 is an example of a/an ____ meter.
WWHWWWH
The major scale's pattern of W/H steps
WHWWHWW
The natural minor's pattern of W/H steps
G
The tonality of G major
major
The modality of G major
scalar variance
the use of natural, harmonic, and melodic minor within one composition
7
Harmonic minor raises the _th scale degree of the natural minor.
6, 7
Melodic minor raises the _th and _th scale degree of the natural minor.
subtonic
name of 7th scale degree in natural minor
raised submediant
name of 6th scale degree in melodic minor, a whole step and a half below the tonic
1,3,5,2,6,4,7
Order of stable ->active tones ([commas in between each])
Half step relationships to the most stable tones 1 and 3
Why are 4 and 7 the most active tones?
artificial
scale that requires the use of accidentals outside of the key signature
diminished (octatonic)
scale with alternating whole- and half-step intervals, featuring four pairs of tritones
anhemitonic pentatonic scale
5-tone scale with no half steps (and thus no active tones)
C-D-E-G-A
most common "mode"/notes in an anhemitonic pentatonic scale (can be rotated)
tritone
diminished fifth or augmented fourth
1-b3-4-b5-5-b7
blues scale in relation to the major scale
ionian, dorian, phrygian, lydian, mixolydian, aeolian, locrian (I Don't Particularly Like My Aunt LOuise).
order of church modes
ionian
church mode equivalent of major scale
aeolian
church mode equivalent of natural minor scale
dorian (adds one sharp), phrygian (adds one flat), aeolian
minor church modes
lydian (adds one sharp), mixolydian (adds one flat), ionian
major church modes - tonic triads are all major
4/4
common time
2/2
cut time
2/2
alla breve (numerical time sig?)
pad MIL
major/minor mode mnemonic