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Chapter 1 - Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology CD
Terms in this set (30)
The study of the structure of an organism.
The study of the function of a living organism and its parts
muscles that oppose a prime mover or agonist.
muscles used to stabilize structures.
fibrous membrane covering of a bone.
semi solid bones (elasticity)
hold bones to bone
attaches muscle to bone
sheetlike membrane surrounding the organs.
the axis of the nervous system: includes spinal cord, brain-stem, and cerebrum.
relatively mobile point of attachment of a muscle.
(made of collagen) thin, membranous subsurface of epithelial tissue that serves structural, functional and developmental purposes, depending on its location.
distribution of nerve tissue to serve communication between brain and muscles.
a condition in which bones become fragile because of loss of calcium or vitamins.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
a condition in which the motor neuron of the nerve is destroyed. Some symptoms may include difficulty walking, fatigue and slurring of speech.
a condition in which the nerve-to-muscle junction is destroyed as a result of an immune system response. Some symptoms may include muscle weakness, drooping of upper eyelid and difficulty swallowing or impaired voice.
interconnects body parts and organs with elasticity (bone, cartilage, blood)
produces movement (skeletal, cardiac, smooth)
Tissues that cover exposed surfaces (skin, inner lining of the digestive system)
conducts impulses for internal communication (brain, spinal, nerves)
is "innervation that provides the central nervous system with information about the state of the body or tissues." (skin and joints)
is "innervation that causes muscles to contract or glands to secrete." (chewing muscles)
applied application of facts human anatomy to medicine and surgery.
descriptive approach on the structures of the human body. (outer appearance)
structures that can be seen without a microscope. (Heart, lungs, kidney)
are the lungs. form of air pressure, the aerodynamic energy of the speech. (lungs, trachea, rib cage, abdominal muscles) (powers speech)
includes sensory and motor control of the various structures involved in speech. Without this we would not have hearing nor speech. Speech is a learned function.
Articulatory - Resonatory System
includes the structures of the face, mouth, and nose. These modify the phonemes as they pass through the structures. (Tongue, lips, palate, teeth nasal cavity and oropharynx) (articulation - forms specific speech sounds) (resonation - shapes the sounds)
is responsible for receiving and processing auditory stimuli. (outer, middle and inner ear)
is the sound source and involves vibration of the vocal folds. (Larynx and associated structures) (Produces sounds in the larynx)
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