Intestinal infection marked by diarrhea, cramps, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
What are the symptoms of gastroenteritis?
Diarrhea, cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever
What is celiac disease?
Basic metabolic defect precipitated by gluten (wheat or rye) ingestion
What are the dietary considerations for celiac disease?
Treatment includes gluten-free, low-fat diet
What is steatorrhea?
Foul, bulky, greasy stools
What is GERD?
Lower esophageal sphincter relaxes, allowing gastric contents to regurgitate back into esophagus
What is pyloric stenosis?
Forceful projectile vomiting
What is colic?
Fairly common, recurrent paroxysmal bouts of abdominal pain
What is intussusception?
Telescoping of one portion of bowel into the distal portion
What is the cardinal symptom of intussusception?
Currant jelly stools
What is enterobiasis?
Pinworm infection Perianal itching
What is giardiasis?
Diarrhea Highly communicable
What is the risk for giardiasis?
Prevalent in day cares
What are the signs of a malnourished child?
Lack of concentration
What is kwashiorkor?
Severe protein deficiency with adequate caloric intake
What do kids with kwashiorkor need?
What is rickets?
Deficiency in vitamin D, Calcium, and phosphorus
What food can someone take for rickets?
What is beriberi?
Deficiency in thiamine
What are good sources of vitamin D?
Fortified cereals, cheese, fatty fish, orange juice
What increases absorption of vitamin D?
What are good sources of vitamin C?
Fruits and veggies
What is the risk of hypocalcemia?
Mineral insufficencies Causes neurological issues
What foods frequently cause allergy?
Strawberries, tree nuts, eggs, corn, soy
What are the signs of a food allergy?
Pruritus and urticaria
What are the steps when treating a poisoning? (KNOW)
1. Remove remnants of poison 2. Call 911 3. If the child is alert: call poison Help line (800)222-1222 4. Follow PHL instruction 5. Administer antidote 6. Administer general supportive, symptomatic care
What are the signs of Diabetes?
Polyuria-pee's a lot, polydipsia-drinks a lot, and polyphagia-eats a lot
What is the emergent treatment of hypoglycemia?
When in doubt tx glucose reactions or death will happen