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17 terms

Elizabeth I End of Rotation Test

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Act of Uniformity
was one of the two acts that Elizabeth established in her religious settlement. This law made the church of england the only legal one to go to. People were required to attend its services or pay a fine.
Act of Supremecy
was was one of the two acts that Elizabeth established in her religious settlement. She had to re-instate this law after her father, King Henry VIII had made it. This law declared that Elizabeth was the supreme governor of England's insitutions, its church, as well as its state.
Philip II
He was a supporter of Mary Tudor and an ally of Queen Elizabeth. He was Mary's husband, making him Elizabeth's brother-in-law. He hoped to mary Elizabeth after Mary died. Elizabeth kept him waiting, but had no intent of marrying him.
Francis Drake
English explorer and admiral who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and who helped to defeat the Spanish Armada (1540-1596). He was the greatest of the "sea dogs". His daring expedition led him to the Caribbean and along the easter coast of South America on his Spanish ships. He sailed through the strait of Magellen around the tip of South America and captures Spanish treasure along the coast of Chile and Peru. He became the first person since Magellan's crew to sail around the world. Queen Elizabeth knighted him aboard his ship, the Golden Hind
Spanish Armada
the Spanish fleet that attempted to invade England, ending in disaster, due to the raging storm in the English Channel as well as the smaller and better English navy led by Francis Drake. This is viewed as the decline of Spains Golden Age, and the rise of England as a world naval power. In 1588, Philip assembled the largest invasion force that Europe had ever seen aka the Invincible Armada made up of 130 ships, with 8,000 sailors and 20,000 soldiers. They were sent to invade England. The battle officialy began on July 29th. England feared that as the Armada moves up towards the Channel, that they would gain power. So the English lit 8 ships on fire and sent it to the Armada.
Henry VIII
English king that left the catholic church and started the Church of England. He was the father of Elizabeth and Mary Tudor. He was married 6 times and led England to a break with the Roman Catholic church. He had three children. He made himself the head of the church and introduced the bible in English. He was raised Catholic
Anne Boleyn
Henry VIII mistress during the time of the English Reformation, and second wife. She gave birth to Elizabeth, future queen of England. One of the reasons Henry VIII wanted to get his marriage to Catherine annulled is so that he could marry her.
Mary Tudor
Queen who succeeded Edward VI and attempted to return Catholicism to England by persecuting Protestants. She was the sister of Queen Elizabeth. She was Henry's daughter (by catherine of Aragon). She was strongly Catholic. She made the pope the head of the Church, and services were changed back to Latin after Edward VI changed them to English. Priests were not allowed to marry under her rule. She was afraid that Elizabeth (because she was protestant) was a threat to her power so she put her in the Tower of London. She eventually eased up and took her out of the tower and kept her on house arrest. Once she died, Elizabeth took the throne.
Mary Stuart Queen of Scots
A Scottish Catholic queen who fled Scotland during its reformation and later attempted to organize the assassination of Elizabeth I; she was beheaded. She was the daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. She became queen when she was 6 years old. She married Francis, the king of france and ruled over france for one year until Francis died in 1560. Then she married Lord Darnley. She had a plan to assassinate her cousin, Elizabeth to take the throne of England. She was always seen as a threat but once she went too far, Elizabeth had her imprisoned and eventually beheaded.
The Elizabethan Poor Law 1601
Act of Parliament passed in 1601 which created a national poor law system for England , First dates to Elizabethan times (1601). Setup of the British welfare system. Weaning of poor off of welfare into productive labor. It was made for those who geniuenly in need.
English Sea Dogs
○ Not official British sailors ○ Private sailors ○ Pirates but authorized by Elizabeth I to raid Spanish treasure ships coming back from the new world ○ Piracy in the name of their country ○ 1588: Defeat of the Spanish armada
Puritans
Protestant sect in England hoping to "purify" the Anglican church of Roman Catholic traces in practice and organization.
Deserving Poor
These were people who wanted to work but unable to find employment suiting to their conditions. People who were too old, young, ill, and orphans
Undeserving Poor
People who were idle beggars, which were people who could work but chose not to.
British East India Company
Government charted joint-stock company that controlled spice trade in the East Indies after the Dutch. England's joint stock companies received its charter from the queen in 1600. Its goal was to carve out share of the rich East Indies spice trade.
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James VI
Scotland King, declared King of England by will of Elizabeth, first Stuart ruler, viewed authority superior to Parliament, "divine right". He was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots, and his father was Lord Darnely.