33 terms

Chapter Fifteen US History - Reformers

Social reform
organized attempt to improve what is unjust or imperfect in society
Free will
Idea that humans make choices which can affect their salvation
Revival meeting
a large religious gathering which went on for days and was marked by high emotion, preaching, singing, and conversions
Frederick Douglass
Former slave and abolitionist who published the North Star newspaper and spoke out publically
Temperance movement
Organized campaign against alcohol abuse
American Colonization Society
Group of abolitionists working to provide a homeland in Africa for freed slaves
The Liberator
William Lloyd Garrison's abolitionist newspaper
Women's rights movement
organized campaign for equal rights for women
A belief that the most important truths in life are beyond human reason; thus emotion and feelings and people being in control of their own lives are important
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Well educated speaker adn worker for women's rights; helped plan the Seneca Falls Convention
Hudson River School
Group of American artists who painted landscapes of upper New York State
African nation created as a homeland for freed slaves
Seneca Falls Convention
19th century convention designed to secure equal rights for women
Dorothea Dix
Sought to improve conditions for the mentally ill and prisoners
Harriet Tubman
Escaped slave and the most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad
Lucretia Mott
Early advocate for women's rights even as she raised a large family
idea that God decides in advance who will receive salvation
Susan B. Anthony
Women's rights activist who traveled widely and spoke
William Lloyd Garrison
White abolitionist who published The Liberator and even burned a copy of the Constitution
Underground railroad
organized system of abolitionists and safe houses designed to help escaping slaves reach freedom in the North and Canada
Nathanial Hawthorne
Puritan writer of The Scarlet Letter
James Monroe
US President who helped found the nation of LIberia
James Fenimore Cooper
Wrote the Deerslayer and the Last of the Mohicans
Horace Mann
Educator who reformed schools in Massachusetts by helping fund schools and teacher training
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist who spent a year alone at Walden Pond and wrote Walden as a result
Second Great Awakening
early 19th century religious movement which stressed that people could save their souls through their own actions and choices
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Most famous American essayist and the leading transcendentalist
one who opposes the practice of slavery
Walt Whitman
Poet who wrote about the nation and diversity in Leaves of Grass
Emily Dickinson
America's most famous female poet who published about 1,700 poems
Thomas Cole
Member of the Hudson River School and famous for landscape paintings
Washington Irving
Wrote Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
Sojourner Truth
Escaped slave who traveled and spoke out against slavery and for women's rights