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Ch. 23 Urinary

True/False
STUDY
PLAY
False
The ureters pass anterior to the bladder and enter it from below
False
Albuminuria is a common sign of diabetes mellitus.
True
Diseases that affect the descending corticospinal tracts may limit inhibition of the sacral somatic motor neurons and thus could result in urinary incontinence.
False
Ethyl (drinking) alcohol stimualtes the secretion of ADH, thereby reducing reabsorption by the collecting duct.
True
Parathyroid hormone increases phosphate excretion by the proximal convoluted tubule as well as promotes synthesis of calcitriol.
False
The countercurrent multiplier mechanism for water conservation was discovered by limiting studies to humans and thus hypothesizing how form determines function.
True
The thick segment of the nephron loop is impermeable to water
False
Glomerular filtration occures because glomerular oncotic pressure overrides glomerular blood pressure.
False
Angiotensin-converting enzyme is found only in the kidneys and converts angiotensinogen to angiotensin I.
True
Cells in the cleft between the afferent and efferent arterioles and among capillaries of the glomerulus are known as mesangial cells.
False
Glomerular capillaries suffer little damage from hypertension becuase of the protective influence of the afferent arterioles.
True
The fenestrated endothelium of the capillary has pores small enough to exclude blood cells from the filtrate.
True
The most toxic of our metabolic wastes are nitrogenous wastes.