25 terms

the american revolution

i just copied this from someones elses and than took away the unuseful ones
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Terms in this set (...)

George Washington
In June 1775, he became the commander of the Continental Army. First President of the United States, 1789-1797. President of the Constitutional Convention.
Mercenary
A German, Hessian professional soldier paid by Great Britain to fight against the Colonial Army during the American Revolution.
Battles of Saratoga
The series of conflicts/battles that led to the surrender of the British General Burgoyne and his troops at Saratoga.
Ally
A foreign country that agrees to help another country achieve a common goal.
Marquis de Lafayette
A nineteen year old French noblemen who volunteered to serve in George Washington's army and later served in the French Revolution. He was called "the soldiers friend" for using his own money to buy supplies for his own troops. Washington had high regard for him, and he became a hero in both France and the United States.
desert
An unexcused absence from military duty, with the intention of not returning to military duty.
privateer
American privately owned ships that were given permission to attack and capture British merchant ships. Cargo was seized and sold for profit by entire crews. More 1,000 colonial ships were given permission to attack British ships.
John Paul Jones
In 1779, he became the commander of the ship named Bonhomme Richard and would be known as the most famous naval officer of the American Revolution for his battle versus the British warship Serapis. He became famous for his quote " I have not yet begun to fight!"
Lord Cornwallis
British commander in the South, penetrated Camden, South Carolina, met and crushed a Patriot force under Horatio Gates on August 16, 1780. and later surrendered admitting defeat at the Battle of Yorktown.
guerrillas
Small bands of fighters who weaken the enemy with surprise raids and hit-and-run attacks.
pacifist
A person who is against war or the use of violence, Quakers are notoriously known for this.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Lord Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Treaty of Paris 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River
Elizabeth Freeman
An enslaved woman who sued the state of Massachusetts saying that the Declaration of Independence stated that all people are born equal. The jury agreed and she won her freedom in 1781.
Richard Allen
An African American preacher who helped start the free African society and the African Methodist Episcopal Church
Patriot
A colonist who was against British rule and supported the colonial rebel cause during the American Revolution..
Loyalist
An American colonist who supported the British in the American Revolution
Continental Army
1775, it was organized and funded by the Second Continental Congress, there to defend the colonies, reinforcements came from France, George Washington was the leader, made up of male volunteers.
General William Howe
British general who was commander and chief of British forces during the American Revolutionary war. Led the British troops during the Battle of Bunker Hill and the Battle of Long Island.
General Horatio Gates
American general at Battle of Saratoga. Formed a new Southern army after defeat at Charles Town. Lost to Cornwallis in Camden.
Benedict Arnold
He had been a Colonel in the Connecticut militia at the outbreak of the Revolution and soon became a General in the Continental Army. He won key victories for the colonies in the battles in upstate New York in 1777, and was instrumental in General Gates victory over the British at Saratoga. After becoming Commander of Philadelphia in 1778, he went heavily into debt, and in 1780, he was caught plotting to surrender the key Hudson River fortress of West Point to the British in exchange for a commission in the royal army. He is the most famous traitor in American history.
Friedrich von Steuben
Military officer from Germany who trained American soldiers during the American Revolution.
George Rogers Clark
American military leader and frontiersman who led raids on British troops and Native Americans in the West during the Revolutionary War
Nathanael Greene
A major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He emerged from the war with a reputation as George Washington's most gifted and dependable officer.
Four Advantages Americans had during the American Revolution
1. Better Leadership 2. Foreign Aid 3. Knowledge of the land. 4. Motivation