refers to a comprehensive movement, or trend, in European thought and arts that began at the end of the eighteenth century.
material progress; commercial prosperity; political, religious, and social reforms; scientific and mechanical developments; and conflicting views concerning scientific progress.
The major causes of the Romantic revolution are best realized by examining
the political, social, and economical revolutions that either preceded or coincided with it
simply defined as a reaction against neoclassical emphasis on reason, rules, and restraint—was more a state of mind than a literary movement.
American, French, and Industrial revolutions generated a genuine concern for the rights and dignity of the individual that became characteristic of the Romantic Movement in England
began in 1789 with the storming of the Bastille prison by mobs of French people—common people and peasants—who would no longer endure the economic and social hardships imposed on them by an aristocratic society.
Wordsworth's early poems do not yet reflect which of his qualities?
his disillusionment with the outcome of the French Revolution
Wordsworth's best-known work.
-located in a valley at the edge of the Wye River near Southeastern Wales
- 1798 in Lyrical Ballads
-born in 1772,
-son of a clergyman
-preferred solitude and spent most of his time reading.
- met William Wordsworth in 1795.
-own poetry is varied
-best-known works are those of mystery and magic
-also wrote many blank verse poems and more traditional odes.
-Coleridge graduated from college in 1794
Wordsworth and Coleridge
both romantic poets and shared many beliefs and ideas, their poetry is significantly different
- was a more disciplined man who generally followed his own prescription for writing poetry.
- born in 1788
-life began inauspiciously
- born with a deformed leg
- attended Trinity College where he began to write poetry for publication.
-From 1809 to 1811, Byron went on the tour of Europe and Asia that he wrote about in Childe Harold's Pilgrimage.
-was an atypical Romantic
- Canto III was published in 1816.
The archetype of the Byronic hero was different because
the Byronic hero did not always consider himself innocent
-born on August 4, 1792
-death in 1822. Shelley and a friend died when their boat sank.
-wrote his best poetry during his four years in Italy
-themes of his poetry mirror the themes of his life: love of freedom, idealism, spirit of protest, and love of beauty and goodness
-His greatest work, Prometheus Unbound
-born on October 31, 1795, in London.
-8eight years old, his father died in a riding accident.
-14fourteen, his mother died of tuberculosis
-published his first volume at the age of twenty-two
-he gave up medicine for a career in literature
-Keats died in Rome.
condition of having conflicting feelings or attitudes about a person, thing, or situation
-born in 1809 in northern England
-His father was a rector who was subject to fits of depression and violence.
-was born in 1812 of well-to-do parents
-married Elizabeth Barrett,
-started to write poetry when he was quite young
-His poetic ability developed slowly; consequently, it was not until 1842, when he was thirty, that Browning discovered a type of poetry that suited him
-continued to write until his death in 1889.
-Early in his poetic career, Browning was an admirer of Shelley
-first work, Pauline, was consciously modeled after Shelley.
-John Stuart Mill, one of the foremost critics and essayists in all of English literature, accused Browning of self-worship in the poem