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39 terms

Chapter 14: Estheticians in the Medical Field

The medical field presents opportunities for estheticians to work cooperatively with medical practitioners in a challenging, highly structured professional environment.
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Plastic Surgery
Performed for aesthetic or reconstructive purposes
Cosmetic Surgery
Another term for plastic surgery
Reconstructive Surgery
Performed to restore the functioning of the body parts or to correct a deformity that ma be the result if a birth defect, burn, injury or trauma to the skin, tissue, nerves or muscles
Chemical Peel
The use of chemical solutions to exfoliate the surface of the skin, promote cell turnover and induce desquamation
Desquamation
Another term for "shedding, peeling, or coming off in scales"
EMDA
The Esthetic Manufacturers and Distributors Alliance
30%
Estheticians are only allowed to use AHA products with a maximum of % acid
3.0
Estheticians are allowed to use an AHA with a pH of no lower than:
Microlipoinjection
Another term for fat injection (all one word)
Autologous Fat Transplantation
Another term for fat injection (several words)
3 to 6
Duration of results for collagen or fat injections (in months)
Botox
An injection of which blocks nerve impulses and temporarily paralyzes muscles that cause facial wrinkles
Dermabrasion
Surgical procedure that improves uneven skin textures due to acne, facial scars and fine wrinkles, by mechanically scraping off the top layers of skin
Dermaplaning
Another term used for dermabrasion
Blepharoplasty
Eyelid surgery to remove excess fat, skin or muscle from the upper and lower eyelids.
Rhytidectomy
Can improve visible signs of aging by removing excess fat, tightening underlying muscles, and re-draping the skin of the face and neck
Ablative
Remove the affected portion of the epidermis to heat the papillary dermis, which regenerated collagen
Non-ablative
Penetrate the epidermis, usually without affecting it, to treat the papillary dermis below
Laser Resurfacing
Uses a beam of highly focused light to vaporize the upper layers of damaged skin at specific and controlled levels of penetration
Rhinoplasty
Surgery to reshape the nose
Wound
Characterized by a break in the continuity of the skin that is caused by trauma to the tissue
Bacterial Infection
Develops when microbes invade an injured, open or wounded part of the body
Conjunctivitis
Is an extremely contagious bacterial infection that affects the membrane that lines the eyelids
Yeast Infection
Superficial fungal infections that occur on moist areas of the skin
Herpetic Infection
(Cold sores) are highly contagious viral infections that are triggered when the body or skin is placed under extreme stress, such as a laser treatment, chemical peel or surgical procedure
Ecchymosis
The clinical term for bruising of the skin
Erythema
Clinical term for redness of the skin
Topical
Applied directly to the skin (medication)
Systemic
Taken orally and travel through the body in the bloodstream. Frequently used to treat skin disorders and diseases, and to promote healing following surgery
Keratolytic
Creams or ointments used to promote rapid cell turnover and exfoliation
Scope of Practice
The estheticians' procedures that may be legally performed, as defined by the local regulatory agency, which can vary from location to location
7 to 10
TCA Peel recovery time (days)
7 to 21
Phenol Peel recovery time (days)
2 to 3
Botox duration of results (months)
2
Dermabrasion recovery time (weeks)
7 to 10
Blepharoplasty recovery time (days)
10 to 14
Rhytidectomy recovery time (days)
2
Laser resurfacing recovery time (weeks)
1 to 2
Rhinoplasty recovery time (weeks)