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Buerger's is a nonathersclerotic recurrent ______ (arteritis) vaso-occlusive disorder of small and medium sized arteries, veins, and nerves of the upper and lower extremities

men less than 40; although does occur in women

Who does Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease) occur in?

Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease)

Strong relationship with tobacco use

Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease)

Intermittent claudication of feet, hands or arms

Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease)

Progression leads to rest pain, ischemic ulcerations

Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease)

Color and temperature changes, paresthesias. Thrombophlebitis and cold sensitivity


Diagnosis of Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease) made on basis of age of onset, _____, symptoms

Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease)

Main Treatment: tobacco cessation


Avoid _____ to extremities with Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease).

meds for Thromboangiitis Obliterans (Buerger's Disease)

calcium channel blockers, antiplatelet agents, andrenergic blockers, anticoagulants

Raynaud's Phenomenon

Episodic vasospastic disorder involving fingers and toes.

women age 15-40

Raynaud's Phenomenon occurs in whom?

Raynaud's Phenomenon

Induces color changes (Pallor to bluish purple to red), coldness, numbness, pain

Raynaud's Phenomenon

Symptoms associated with exposure to cold, emotional upsets, caffeine and tobacco use


Raynaud's Phenomenon Tx includes Avoid temperature extremes especially exposure to ____ temperatures

tobacco and caffeine

Raynaud's Phenomenon Tx includes Avoid _____


Raynaud's Phenomenon Tx includes Avoid all drugs with ________ effect

calcium channel blockers to relax smooth muscles

Raynaud's Phenomenon PRIMARY TX


Raynauds is caused by ______ where as Beurger's is caused by inflammation.


Sudden constriction of a blood vessel, reducing its diameter and flow rate.

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