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21 terms

Knots and Knot tying

OCU- Stage Lighting- Spring 2013- Mooney- Exam 2
STUDY
PLAY
standing end
long end- part not knotted
standing part
btwn standing end and knot
tail
short end- part getting knotted aka running or working end
loop
made when rope forms partial circle w/ ends crossing each other
overhand loop
tail over standing part/end
underhand loop
tail under standing part/end
bight
made by folding a piece of rope so that two parts light along each other; when tied near ropes end the parts will be the tail lying beside standing end; u shape- you bit me
mnemonic for bight
u bit me
elbow
2 crossing its created by extra twist in loop (double loop)
turn
one pass of the rope around/ thru an object
round turn
two passes of a rope round an object to completely encircle it- end up w/ 2 ends facing same direction
types of knots
bend, hitch, stopper knot
bend
i.e. square, bowline; joins two ropes or lines together
hitch
attaches rope to something; clove hitch, belaying knot
stopper knot
knot in end of rope used to prevent fraying or to prevent the end from passing thru a hole; i.e. figure 8 knot
basic knots
overhand knot, half hitch, half knot
square knot
2 pieces of same sized rope, not completely safe under load; L over R, R over L; both ends end up on top- symmetrical
bowline knot
bunny up thru hole, around tree, back into hole; good for attaching handles or caribiners; standing end is tree; overhand loop 1st
clovehitch knot
needs to be around something- good for tying rope to pipe; slip free version of half hitch; make turn, cross turn over standing part; won't fail
belaying knot/ cleat hitch
in theatre tie them to belaying pins; suspending something above stage; pulley system- use this to secure the rope; essentially series of figure 8s
figure 8 knot
basic stopper hitch; used to keep the tail from slipping thru