D. IGCSE CIE Geography: 3.1 - Development
Terms in this set (26)
Gross Domestic Product
Gross National Product
GDP per Capita
Gross Domestic Product per Person
GNP per Capita
Gross National Product per Person
The % of people able to read and write.
The age that people are expected to live to in a country.
HDI (Human Development Index)
A composite index which includes literacy rate, life expectancy and income per capita that overall measure and assess a country's development.
Sector of the economy associated with the extraction of raw materials from the earth.
Sector of the economy associated with the manufacturing of raw materials into finished goods.
Sector of the economy associated with the provision of services.
Sector of the economy that holds knowledge and skill in technology.
Examples of Jobs in the Primary Sector
Agriculture, fishing, mining etc.
Examples of Jobs in the Secondary Sector
Processing, welding, construction etc.
Examples of Jobs in the Tertiary Sector
Education, medical care, banking etc.
Examples of Jobs in the Quaternary Sector
Computing, R&D etc.
Relationship Between the Level of Development of a Country and the Proportion of Population Employed in a Sector
As a country becomes more developed:
- The primary sector declines.
- The secondary sector expands, then declines.
- The tertiary sector expands.
- The quaternary sector expands.
The decline in manufacturing (i.e. the secondary sector).
The process of worldwide integration and the expanding of economies (i.e. businesses and traditions) around the world with cultural exchange which creates branches and influences the world.
Large businesses that have multiple subsidiaries around the world.
Reasons for Globalisation
Development in technology.
Improved transport networks.
Large amount of government deregulation and privatisation.
The growth of multinational (transnational) corporations.
A model which demonstrates the changes in an economy through time and development.
Stage 1: Traditional society
Stage 2: Precautions to take off
Stage 3: Take off
Stage 4: Drive to maturity
Stage 5: Age of mass consumption
Stage 1: Traditional Society
Almost entirely a primary sector economy with a lack of individual or economical mobility.
Stage 2: Precautions to Take Off
External demand for raw materials initiates economic growth. Trade begins to emerge and crops are traded abroad. Economies gain mobility.
Stage 3: Take Off
Urbanisation and industrialisation increases, and technology is advancing. Secondary sector expands and primary sector begins to decline.
Stage 4: Drive to Maturity
Industries diversify and businesses expand. Multinational corporations are born and production shifts from capital goods to consumer goods.
Stage 5: Age of Mass Consumption
Primary sector is greatly diminished; the tertiary sector expands and the quaternary sector emerges. Technology is very advanced and there is widespread of high-value consumer goods.
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