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Cargo Equipment Handling and Stowage
Terms in this set (59)
What are the two booms called when used in pairs?
Hatch boom and yard boom
How many booms are used in the yard and stay (or burton) method?
What happens if you double up a whip on a yard and stay?
It doubles the load capacity and reduces the winch load by half
What is the difference between a yard and stay and a double purchase yard and stay?
On a double, both cargo whips are doubled and runners shackled to the head of the boom
What type of hook is used with a yard and stay?
How do you secure the bull line to the topping lift cleat?
Three round turns and three figure eights
How should the topping life wire be secured?
Three round turns and three figure eights with at least two figure eights secured with a mousing
Where should the shackle for a bull chain be inserted?
Beneath the first slack link in the chain, otherwise the chain link will be distorted
How many turns should be taken around a gypsy with wire rope?
4 or 7
What is the best rig for handling loads beyond the capacity of a single whip?
Singles swinging boom with a double purchase
What type of rig is a block in a bight?
What is the capacity of a block in a bight?
Slightly less than the sum of the swl of the two whips
How are winches classified?
By types and drives
How often should winches in constant operation be lubricated?
Every four hours
What signal allows a winchman to move a load at his own discretion?
Which hand controls hook and winch boom for signaling?
Right hand-hook. Left hand-boom
In a rig with no moving boom, what does each hand control?
What is the most common type of pallet?
Double platform type
What keeps the bridle from slipping from under a load on a pallet?
Preventers hooked at each end
How are large crates and odd shaped cargo hoisted?
What type of pallet is used for small items that can be crushed?
What is a sling?
A length of wire or fiber rope with the ends spliced together
What type of sling is used with steel barrels?
A barrel sling with a spreader bar
Can a barrel sling be used with wooden barrels?
What is a strap?
A length of rope with an eye spliced at each end
What is used for hoisting pipes?
A choker sling
What is placed between a chain sling and draft?
What type of sling is used for hoisting steel items such as beams?
What is the danger of chain slings?
The links may crystallize and snap without warning
What is a salmon board used for?
Handling ammunition and crated bombs
How do you rig a dragline?
Fairlead a wire pennant through a snatch block
Can you use a cargo whip as a dragline?
How big is a save all?
25 by 30 or larger
What are the two types of hatch tents?
New York (Hut) or Seattle
What is the preferred type of hatch tent?
What does a Seattle tent look like?
A shelter tent
How is a Seattle tent suspended?
By the heads of both booms
What does a New York tent look like?
How is a New York tent suspended?
By the hatch boom
What is stenciled on a forklift?
What is laid on the deck prior to stacking cargo?
Where are large and heave cartons stowed?
In the lower holds
Should dunnage be laid between tiers of boxes if smaller boxes are set on top of larger boxes?
On what tiers of cardboard boxes should dunnage be used?
On the third tier, the sixth tier, and every sixth tier
How many floors will be needed with the cardboard boxes
No more than four
What can be done when stacking boxes with length twice as much as the width?
Stack each tier in opposite directions
Is dunnage used as a base for barrels struck below?
What si done to dunage to spread the weight of the barrels?
Two strips of dunnage are placed over every row in each tier.
How are drums stowed?
On end with the bungs up
If enough drums are not present to make a full row, what is done?
They are spread evenly across and the second rows is set in the intervals
How are reels stowed?
In the lower holds with their axis athwartships
How high can deck cargo be stowed?
No higher than 12 feet
What does tomming do?
It holds cargo down by use of cotton web straps
What mechanical advantage does a bowline on a bight give when used to tighten a lashing?
2 to 1
When using a hand hook, what part of your hand faces the crate?
The back of your hand
Which end of a line is secured to the drum of a winch?
The fag end
On a boom, what moves the boom vertically and holds it at the required height?
On a boom, what moves the boom horizontally and holds it in working positions?
Inboard and outboard guys or vangs
What supports the boom in the boom step bracket?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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