41 terms

Luschnig Vocabulary - Lesson I, Set 2 (Nouns, Particles, and Prepositions, pp. 33-35)

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ἀνάγκη, ἀνάγκης, ἡ
necessity
ἄνθρωπος, ἀνθρώπου, ὁ/ἡ
person, human being, man, with article: humankind; of individuals and generically
ἀρετή, ἀρετῆς, ἡ
goodness, excellence, virtue
ἀρχή, ἀρχῆς, ἡ
beginning, origin; power, empire, office; first principle
βίος, βίου, ὁ
life, livelihood
βουλή, βουλῆς, ἡ
will, determination; Council, Senate
γνώμη, γνώμης, ἡ
thought, opinion
δίκη, δίκης, ἡ
justice, order, right; lawsuit, trial
δῶρον, δώρου, τό
gift
εἰρήνη, εἰρήνης, ἡ
peace
ἔργον, ἔργου, τό
deed, work
ἥλιος, ἡλίου, ὁ
sun
θάνατος, θανάτου, ὁ
death
θεός, θεοῦ, ὁ/ἡ (voc. sg., θεός)
god, goddess
λίθος, λίθου, ὁ
stone
λόγος, λόγου, ὁ
reason, word, speech; account; principle
μέτρον, μέτρου, τό
measure, moderation
νῆσος, νήσου, ἡ
island
νόμος, νόμου, ὁ
usage, custom, law
ξένος, ξένου, ὁ
guest-friend, stranger, foreigner
ὁδός, ὁδοῦ, ἡ
road, street, way
οὐρανός, οὐρανοῦ, ὁ
heaven, sky
παιδίον, παιδίου, τό
little child, young slave
πλοῦτος, πλούτου, ὁ
wealth, riches
πόλεμος, πολέμου, ὁ
war
πόνος, πόνου, ὁ
toil, labor
φίλη, φίλης, ἡ
friend, loved one (includes family)
φίλος, φίλου, ὁ
friend, loved one (includes family)
φίλος, -η, -ον
(adj.) dear, loved
χρόνος, χρόνου, ὁ
time (can refer both to time in the abstract and to a definite period of time)
ψυχή, ψυχῆς, ἡ
life, soul
γάρ (postpos.)
for (a milder way of saying because)
δέ (postpos.)
and, but
μέν... δέ (postpos.)
on the one hand... on the other hand. used to point out that the words with which they are associated are being contrasted or differentiated, as in a list.
εἰς
into, to, + acc. (terminal acc., place to which)
ἐν
in, on, + dat. (locative dat., place where)
παρά (general)
alongside, by, near (used of persons) + gen., dat., acc.
παρά + gen.
from the side of, from beside, from
παρά + dat.
by the side of, beside, with, near
παρά + acc.
to the side of, to, along; in addition to, contrary to
σύν
with; along with, by means of (of accompaniment or means) + dat.
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