50 terms

Apologetics Unit 9

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Terms in this set (...)

What is perhaps the best definition of "evil?"
Evil is goodness spoiled
Evil is the __________- of goodness.
privation
Within the context of the problem of evil, what does "privation" mean?
Good gone bad (spoiled).
What are the two different types of evil?
natural and moral evil
What type of evil would the picture below be classified as?
natural evil
What type of evil would the picture below be classified as (Adolf Hitler and Nazi Holocaust)?
moral evil
Moral evil is what people do to people, whereas (blank) evil is what (blank) does to people.
natural, nature
A "_______" is an attempt to reconcile the existence of an omnipotent (all-powerful), omnibenevolent (all-good), sovereign (in control) God with the existence of evil.
theodicy
What's the first thing the serpent said to the woman (Eve) in the Garden of Eden?
"Did God actually say, 'You shall not eat of any tree in the garden?'"
When God asked the man (Adam) and the woman (Eve) why they ate of the tree that he told them not to eat of, the man blamed the woman and the woman blamed the serpent. Who should Adam and Eve have blamed?
themselves
In Genesis 1-2, God creates all things and calls them "_______."
good
God gave Adam and Eve a _______ when he placed them in the Garden of Eden.
choice
Who tempted Adam and Eve to eat some of the fruit from the forbidden tree?
serpent (Satan)
What does Romans 5:12 say?
"Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned."
How did evil enter into the world?
Temptation of Satan and sins of Adam and Eve.
What did C. S. Lewis once say about evil and atheism?
"Evil is atheism's most potent weapon against the Christian faith."
Match the attributes of God on the left with the correct definition of each on the right.
1. Omnipotent
2. Omnibenevolence
3. Sovereign
all powerful, all good, in control,
According to atheists, if God is omnipotent, then he...
could stop evil from occuring.
According to atheists, if God is omnibenevolent, then he.
would not want evil to occur
Atheists conclude that because _______ exist(s), then an omnibenevolent, omnipotent, sovereign God must not.
evil
The problem of evil is loaded (blank).
emotionally
What are the four things we must do when skeptics raise objections to God's existence in light of the problem of evil?
1. Remember that truth is not based on emotions, but rather on facts.
2. Sympathize with the person and attempt to comfort them.
3. Ask questions to gain information and expose flaws.
4. Give possible explanations for the problem of evil .
A proper definition of God's omnipotence is: God is ________and able to do whatever he wills; since his will is limited by his _______ (who he is), God can do everything that is in harmony with his perfections .
all powerful, nature
What does Job 42:2 say?
"I know that you (God) can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be thwarted."
In Genesis 20, who did God keep from committing a terrible evil (touching another man's wife)?
Abimilech
At one point the psalmist prays that God would keep him from evil: "Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins ; let them not have dominion over me! Then I shall be (blank) , and innocent of great (blank)" (Ps. 19:13).
blameless, transgressions
God possesses ultimate power over the entire _______ and all _______.
universe; humans
"Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the (blank) of lights with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change" (James 1:17).
father
What does Psalm 136:1 say?
"Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good..."
In Matthew 19:17, who was Jesus referring to when he said, "There is only one who is good"?
himself
Which verse says: "God works all things together for the good of those who love him and are called according to his purpose"?
Romans 8:28
Paul's reference to " ___________ " in Romans 8:28 includes evil
all things
Part of being created in the image of _____ means that humans possess a ______ _________ .
God, free will
Match the verses on the left with the correct references on the right.
1. "The king's heart is a stream of water in the hand of the Lord; he turns it wherever he will."
2. "God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him."
3. "See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god beside me; I kill and I make alive; I wound and I heal; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand."
4. "No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your ability, but with the temptation he will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it."
1. Proverbs 21:1
2. Act 10:38
3. Deuteronomy 32:39
4. 1 Corinthians 10:13
The power of Satan to accomplish evil is always limited by the prerogative of God. In other words, before Satan can carry out a single act of evil, he first has to (in a sense) ask God for______________ to do so.
permission
No human is capable of doing good (Romans 3:10-12). Therefore, everything that is good is morally attributed to (blank) (James 1:17).
God
All _______ are responsible for doing ________ (Genesis 8:21). Therefore, nothing that is evil is morally attributed to God (Job 1:20-22; 2:10).
humans, evil
Aside from the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, what story in Scripture, perhaps better than any other, shows that God uses evil in order to accomplish good?
Story of joseph
Which verse is this: "As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today"?
Genesis 50:20
How does God display his power through the cross and tomb of Jesus?
Jesus dies on behalf of the sins of the whole world and God raises him from the dead three days after his death.
"God raised him (Jesus) up, loosing the pangs of death , because it was not ________ for him to be held by it" (Acts 2:24).
possible
The (blank) of God at the cross is most clearly seen in the fact that he used the worst act of evil in all of human history (crucifixion of his Son) to accomplish the greatest act of good in all of human history (salvation available to all people).
goodness
Little did the ________ soldiers know that at the very moment they were nailing Jesus to the cross, they were at the same time providing the way in which their own__________could be attained.
Roman, salvation
In at least 100 words, explain how God displays his power, goodness, and sovereignty at the cross of Jesus Christ.
God can show his power, goodness, and sovereignty in many ways. One of them was Jesus being nailed on the cross. Some days I can't even wrap my mind around it. Some das, I am so thankful I cry. God is so good, he wants a relationship so bad with us that he gave up his one and only son. He knew we couldn't follow the 10 commandments, which is why he sent his son. God had a plan from the very beginning. He knew Adam and Eve were going to sin, he knew everything before he made the universe. You know what? He still did it, knowing everything that was going to happen. It's crazy to think that Jesus would go through all that torture just to have a relationship with one person. He loves us that much. God is so powerful when Jesus said "It is finished", the ground shook.
Choose five possible reasons why God allows evil.
1. He has given humans a free will.
2. To receive greater glory by triumphing over it.
3. To warn humans that something is wrong.
4. To make mold us into the person he wants us to be.
5. Because he keeps his promises.
In 150-200 words, explain at least two of the possible reasons why God allows evil. (Note: Choose the two possible reasons that you think are the strongest.)
I believe the two strongest reasons why God allows evil is because he has given humans free will and to make mold us into the person he wants us to be. If God didn't give us free will, he would be controlling us, like robots. There is no relationship with a robot and its master. God loves us and wants us to love him back. He doesn't want to force us to, because if he did, it wouldn't be real. With no choice, there is no freedom, and with no freedom, everything is tied up and held like in a jail cell. God loves us so much that he is willing to let go and let us live and make our own choices. Like a little baby bird leaving the nest, he is letting us fly. He is always there, watching us grow and learn in life. Which leads me to my second reason, him molding us. Sometimes we go through things in life that we don't want to. But in doing so, it makes us a better person and leads us closer to our destiny. When people go through tough times they cry out to God and they feel he isn't there. They can't see him moving in their life till that struggle is over. When my mom died, all I wondered was why, why would God take her? But in going through that, I became so much closer with God and stronger as a person. I am no able to relate to other people and share my story. If my mom never died, my dad wouldn't have ever met my new mom and I would have never had a new baby sister. One plan isn't better than the other. If my mom was still alive, obviously things would be different. If someone misses their chance to meet there husband, because they didn't listen to God, he usually gives them a second chance. Things happen for a reason, we might not understand right now, but in the future most of the time, it becomes clear.
If a skeptic makes the statement, "An all-powerful God would put a stop to evil in the world," how should you respond initially?
ask questions
Choose the four questions that you should ask a skeptic who objects to the existence of God in light of the problem of evil.
1. "What do you mean by 'evil?'"
2. "How would you define 'evil?'"
3. "How do you know if something is 'good' or 'evil?'"
4. "What standard do you use in order to decide if something is 'good' or 'evil?'"
In at least 100 words, explain why "good" and "evil" cannot be defined by societies/cultures or individuals.
"Good" and "evil" cannot be defined by societies and cultures for three reasons. The first reason is that there is more than one society in our world. How are we to known which one we should obey? The second reason is that there is no such thing as an immoral law because if a society is the final measure of morality, then all its judgments are moral by definition. The last reason is that those who have tried to reform corrupt societies are actually criminals of the worst kind. "Good" and "evil" cannot be defined by individuals because of eight problems. These problems are (1) Relativists can't say, "You're wrong!" (2) Relativists can't call something "good" or "bad", (3) Relativists can't place blame or accept praise, (4) Relativists can't make the claim, "that's not fair." (5) Relativists can't improve upon their morality, (6) Relativists can't hold meaningful discussions about morality, (7) Relativists can't say, "You need to stop being intolerant of other views!" (8) Relativists can't complain about being mistreated.
Why do all humans feel a sense of "ought" or "ought not?" (All humans feel like there are some things they "ought" to do, while there are other things they "ought not" do.)
Because there is a moral code that God has placed in the heart of every single human being in the world (Romans 2:14-15).