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21 terms

World War II Vocabulary and Important Terms

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tolitarian state
country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives
Fascism
rooted in miliarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state; dictators vowed to create new empires
aggression
warlike act by one country against another without a just cause
scapegoat
a person or group of people on whom is blamed for others' problems (like in WWII, Jews for Germany)
Nazis
member of the National Socialist German Worker's Party; under Hitler's command
concentration camp
prison camp for civilians who are considered enemies of the state
appeasement
practice of giving in to aggression in order to aviod war
Nazi-Soviet Pack
agreement signed between Hitler and Stalin in 1939 in which the two dictators agreed not to attack each other
blitzkrieg
"lightning war"; swift attacks launched by Germany in WWII during the night
Axis
WWII military alliance of Italy, Japan, Germany, and 6 other countries
Allies
WWII military alliance of Britain, France, Soviet Union, China, the U.S., and 45 other countries
Battle of Britain
Germany's failed attempt to subdue Britain in 1940 in preparation for invasion (Germans bombed Britain continuously but Britain resisted with fighter pilots and Hitler gave up invasion)
Battle of Midway
a 1942 battle in the Pacific during which American planes sank 4 Japanese aircraft carriers (protected Hawaii)
Operation Overlord
code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944
D-Day
day of the invasion of Western Europe by Allied forces-June 6, 1944 (Allied forces landed at France, freed Paris; slowly advanced to Germany)
Battle of the Bulge
German counter-attack in December 1944 that temporarily slowed the allied invasion of Germany (Audie Murphy was the hero)
island hopping
during WWII, Allied strategy of capturing Japanese-held islands to gain control of the Pacific Ocean (American ships shelled an island; troops waded ashore; hand-to-hand fighting occured until island was captured)
Navajo code-talkers
during WWII, Navajo soldiers who used their own language to radio vital messages during the island-hopping campaign
kamikaze
WWII Japanese pilots trained to make a suicidal crash attack, usually upon a ship
Potsdam Declaration
message sent by the Allies in July 1945 callin for the Japanese to surrender
Nuremberg Trials
Nazi war crime trials held in 1945 and 1946