English 10 Movement Tenets (FINAL)
Terms in this set (29)
Emphasis on emotion over reason.
Focus on the imagination: key to revealing the innermost depths of the human soul.
Focus on the individual. Humanitarianism and an interest in the common man became important. Partly a reaction to the industrial revolution.
Great interest in the picturesque and exotic.
An enthusiasm for portraying national life and character.
Nature as a positive force in man's existence. Return to nature as a source of inspiration and wisdom. Celebration of the beauty and mystery of nature. Life in nature was favored over the unnatural constraints of society. People are naturally good, but their positive tendencies are hindered by civilization.
Fascination with the supernatural and gothic.
Emphasis on logic and reason over religion. Religious concept of deism gains popularity: God created the world remains indifferent to it.
Focus on creating a new civilization based on society's needs.
Focus on the future. Utilized science and technology, leading to the industrial revolution.
An enthusiasm for portraying national pride and independence. Encompasses the American Revolution and the idea that governments serve the people and protect and defend their rights. Liberty and freedom are God-given inalienable rights.
Cities offered opportunities to new Americans to start a new life. Man is perfectible (Franklin), not damned and searching for redemption. Ideas distributed in pamphlets and essays, nonfiction is popular.
By listening to his intuition, man is better able to follow God's lead and "transcend the dictates of society."
Individualism stems from listening to one's "inner voice." One's life is guided by one's intuition.
God's glory manifests itself in nature.
Importance is placed on the spiritual relationship between humanity and nature. Human beings must have a direct connection to nature. By reveling in nature and celebrating it, one can achieve a better communication with God.
Each person is inherently good. Capable of making rational decisions. Worthy the of the respect of every other human being.
Transcendentalism centers on the divinity of the individual. Can be self-discovered only if the person has the independence of mind to pursue it.
Individual expression is of paramount importance.
Character is more important than action and plot. Complex ethical choices are often the subject.
Characters appear in real circumstances: they are in explicable connection to nature, to each other, and to their social class.
Humans control their destinies; characters act on their environment rather than simply reacting to it.
Reality is rendered closely and in detail. An emphasis in authenticity, even at the expense of a well-made plot.
Events are usually plausible. The sensational, dramatic elements of romanticism are avoided.
Class is important; the struggles of the lower and middle classes are often represented, this serving the interest of a heavily middle.
Molarity is debated by examining the relations between people and society.
Diction is the vernacular (ordinary speech), not heightened or poetic. Tone may be comic, satiric, or matter-of-fact.
Use of symbolism is controlled and limited; realists depend more on the use of imagery.
Objective in presentation is highly important: overt authorial, comments are avoided.
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