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48 terms

lifespan ch 11

STUDY
PLAY
What best defines adolescence?
the transition between childhood and adulthood
At what ages do the two major brain growth spurts occur?
13-15 and 17 on
During a growth spurt, which is (are) likely to grow first?
hands and feet
During adolescence, boys are more advanced than girls in which aspects of physical development?
endurence, size, strength, and speed
Which group of hormones is responsible for the development of the sex organs?
testosterone and estrogen
Which hormone is responsible for normal brain development and overall rate of growth?
thyroxine
Which hormone is responsible for changes at puberty, particularly the development of the secondary sex characteristics in girls?
adrenal androgen
Which gland prompts the release of hormones from the other endocrine glands?
pituitary gland
During puberty the pituitary gland signals the adrenal glands to increase production of androgens. What is the term for this process?
adrenarche
What best defines menarche?
1st menstration
What is a change in primary sex characteristics which takes place during puberty?
grwoth of ovaries, uterus, vagina, penis, and testies
What is an example of changes in secondary sex characteristics during puberty?
breast development, body hair, and voice change
What term for the onset of the menstrual cycle?
menarchy
What is the earliest sign of puberty for a female?
early changes in breasts and pubic hair
The changes in the patterns of physical growth and development that are known as the secular trend are most likely caused by what?
significant changes in lifesyle or diet
According to current research, what accounts for the secular trend in development worldwide?
significan changes in lifesyle and diet
n which of the following groups has the average age of menarche remained the same over the past six decades?
remained the same in caucasian american females
Normal how many years after the beginning of indicators such as changes in the breast and pubic hair does menarche begin?
2 years
What is associated regarding obesity and puberty?
early development of secondary sex characteristics and obesity
Kate has just turned thirteen years old, and she recently experienced menarche. If Kate becomes sexually active, will she be at risk for pregnancy?
yes
Of the following events in boys' puberty, which typically occurs earliest?
scrotum and testes get larger and scrotum reddens
Describe spermarche?
first ejaculation
What groups is more likely to have a negative body image, get into trouble at school and with peers, and engage in delinquent behavior?
girls who experience body change before 10
What groups is more likely to occupy leadership roles but also be at increased risk for alcohol or drug use?
boys who are ahead of their peers in development
What is likely to be characteristic of a girl who experienced the major physical changes of puberty by age ten?
early developers are more likely to do drugs
What factors is most likely to influence whether or not teens become sexually active across cultures?
boys, african americans, ppl with history of abuse, and ppl with subsatnce abuser parents are more likely
In regards to team's sports, statements about adolescent sexual activity is correct?
kids who play sprots have lower sex rate
Approximately ____ of female 15- to 19-year-olds in 2008 reported being on the pill.
30%
n the United States, which of the sexually active groups is most likely to use condoms?
male teen african americans
Are sex education programs effective?
little or no long term effect
Regarding adolescent pregnancy in the U.S., have they increased or decreased?
decreased
What is the overall annual teenage pregnancy rate for 18- to 19-year-olds in the United States?
70 per 1000
When a girls leaves school, how does this effect teen pregnancy?
increases chance of pre go
How many teen pregnancies end in abortion?
1/3
List the stages of crisis of teen pregnancy.
initial phase, escalation phase, redefinition phase, dysfunctional phase
Summarizes the research as to the causes of homosexuality.
possible genetic but maybe enironment
What is the concordance rate of homosexuality in fraternal twins?
20%
What is the concordance rate of homosexuality in identical twins?
50-60%
Most people probably begin to have some awareness of their sexual orientation at what point in their lives?
early adulthood
Which terms applies to a person whose psychological gender does not match their physical sex?
transgender
Thomas has been transgendered for as long as he can remember. He has begun living full time as Trina and has started taking hormone supplements. Trina plans to have gender reassignment surgery next year. What terms best describes Trina?
transsexualism
What is the correlation between risk-seeking behavior and the media?
ppl who watch more tv have higher sensation seeking behaviors.
According to your textbook, among teenagers, sensation seeking appears to be associated with what?
drug users and tv watchers
Among teenagers, what is the most commonly used illicit drug?
marajuana
The core feature(s) of anorexia nervosa is (are) _____
self sratvation
The eating disorder bulimia nervosa is characterized by
bindge eating and purging
What is associated with bulimia?
tooth decay, depression, loss of hair, low heat
Use of laxatives, exercise, and vomiting are most closely associated with what?
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