Terms in this set (42)
Program implemented by the federal government between 1865 and 1877 to repair the damage to the South caused by the Civil War and restore the southern states to the Union.
Presidential Reconstruction of 1863 to 1866 was controlled by Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, with the goal of quickly reuniting the country.
A pardon is a release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime.
The pardoning of members of the Confederacy was controversial, though used by both Lincoln and Johnson.
Group of congressmen from within the Republican party who believed that the Civil War had been fought over the moral issue of slavery, and insisted that the main goal of Reconstruction should be a total restructuring of society to guarantee blacks true equality.
The Radical Republicans took a hard line against the Confederacy after the Civil War and sought to punish the former Confederate states.
A pocket veto is when a president kills a bill passed during the last 10 days Congress is in session by simply refusing to act on it.
Lincoln pocket vetoed the Wade-Davis bill.
Created by Congress in 1865, it was the first major federal relief agency in the United States.
The Freedmen's Bureau provided a way to help slaves locate and reunite with the members of their families.
The Civil War left the South
In order to retain labor and keep production up, some plantation owners offered to pay their former slaves a salary to do the jobs they had previously done while enslaved
The Freedmen's Bureau succeeded in
providing clothing, medical care, food, and education to many freed people
To help black southerners adjust to freedom, Congress created
the Freedmen's Bureau
Newly freed African Americans urged the federal government to
redistribute southern land
Former slaves did not gain the freedom to _____________ during Reconstruction.
Many poor white southern laborers could no longer find work because of
competition from freedmen
Which of the following best describes the Freedmen's Bureau?
The Freedmen's Bureau was a federal relief agency that assisted former slaves in the process of reuniting with family members
The Radical Republicans opposed President Lincoln's Reconstruction plan, saying it was too
lenient on the South
The goal of the Freedmen's Bureau was to
help former slaves adjust to freedom
Laws that restricted freedmen's rights.
The Black Codes were laws passed in the U.S. to limit the civil rights of black people, especially former slaves in former Confederate states.
Constitutional amendment, ratified in 1868, to guarantee citizens equal protection under the law.
The Fourteenth Amendment was one of three post-Civil War amendments to the Constitution aimed at securing rights for former slaves.
Citizen's personal liberties guaranteed by law, such as voting rights and equal treatment.
Civil rights are positive acts of government that seek to make constitutional guarantees.
To charge a public official with wrongdoing in office.
Andrew Johnson was the first U.S. President to be impeached.
The Fifteenth Amendment is a constitutional amendment, ratified in 1870, and it states that governments in the United States may not prevent a citizen from voting based on that citizen's race, color, or previous condition of servitude (slavery).
The Fifteenth Amendment was passed after the Civil War, and was ratified on February 3, 1870, as an effort to aid the Reconstruction.
Negative nickname for a northern Republican who moved to the South after the Civil War.
The term "carpetbaggers" was coined from carpet bags used as inexpensive luggage and was originally a derogatory term applied to Northerners who came to exploit the post-war economic conditions in the South.
A scalawag was a negative nickname for a white southern Republican who supported Reconstruction, usually for private gain, after the Civil War.
The term, scalawag, was coined by hostile Democrats during Reconstruction.
The only action that insured that the newly freed slaves in the South were treated somewhat humanely between 1867 and 1876 was the:
occupation of federal troops
unflattering name for a white southern Republican
This constitutional Amendment directly led to the first African American elected to the U.S. Senate
When Johnson violated the Tenure of Office Act, he was
impeached by the House
Sharecropping is a system of farming in which a farmer tends some portion of a planter's land and receives a share of the crop at harvest time as payment.
Sharecropping and tenant farming were the two most common types of farming in the "New South".
Tenant farming was a system of farming in which a person rented land to farm from the person who owned the land.
Tenant farming and yeomen farming dominated the agricultural economy of the South.
The public property and services that a society uses.
The term "infrastructure" refers to the interconnected elements that provide the framework for something larger.
Reconstruction succeeded in rebuilding many of the South's
About one-half of _______ were destroyed in the south during the Civil War.
farm implements and livestock
Between 1860 and 1890 the steel, lumber , tobacco, and textile industries in the south _______.
stayed about the same as before this period
The Plantation slave system was replaced by small farms owned by African Americans who proved to be quite prosperous and independent, while many freed slaves moved to the city.
By the end of the Reconstruction era, many Americans were forced to use their current year's profits to pay for last year's debt. This phenomenon was known as the cycle of _________.
New farming arrangements led to
a focus on cash crops
The primary reason why stores grew quickly throughout the South was to
provide all of the above
The South saw its economy and employment change in all of the following ways, EXCEPT
More finished goods were produced in the South as the number of factories increased
After reconstruction, one major change in agriculture was _______________.
the rise of merchants
Enforcement Act of 1870
The Enforcement Act of 1870, passed by Congress, banned the use of terror, force or bribery to prevent people from voting because of their race.
The Enforcement Act of 1870 empowered the President of the United States to use federal military forces to uphold the law.
The solid South is the term used to describe the domination of post-civil War southern politics by the Democratic Party, which voted together as a block.
The "Solid South" began to erode when Democratic President Harry S. Truman began supporting the civil rights movement.
Events and conditions that either force (push) people to move elsewhere or strongly attract (pull) them to do so.
The lure of the open land in the west, when played against responsibilities of home, was one of the classic push-pull factors in the United States in the 19th century.
Compromise of 1877
Agreement in which Democrats agreed to give Rutherford B. Hayes the victory in the presidential election of 1876 and Hayes, in return, agreed to remove the remaining federal troops from southern states.
The Compromise of 1877 was an informal, unwritten deal.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
American Government - Your Voice, Your Future | Matthew Kerbel
America: Pathways to the Present - Chapter 12 Study Guide
HUSH Chapter 22
HUSH Chapter 22
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Rules of Evidence
Sem 2 Vocab
Edwards AP Lang-First Semester Vocab List
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
US History-A: Looking to the West
The Civil War