prefixes and suffixes

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Terms in this set (...)

a-, an-
absence of
Ab-
away from
Abdomino(o)-
relating to the abdomen
Acr(o)-
extremity, topmost
Ad-
increase, adherence, toward, very
-ad
toward, in the direction of
aden(o)-, aden(i)-
relating to a gland
adip(o)-
relating to fat or fatty tissue
adren(o)-
relating to adrenal glands
-aemia
blood condition
aer(o)-
air, gas
-al
pertaining to
alb-
white or pale color
alge(si)-
pain
-algia
pain
allo-
different, or an addition
ambi-
both sides, both of two
amnio-
pertaining to the membranos fetal sace (amnion)
an-
not, without
andro(o)-
pertaining to a man
angi(o)-
blood vessel
aniso-
unequal
ankyl(o)-, ancyl(o)-
crooked, bent
ante-
in front of, before
anti-
against, opposed to
arteri(o)-
pertaining to an artery
arthr(o)-
pertaining to joints or limbs
articulo(o)-
joint
-ase
enzyme
-asthenia
weakness
aur(i)
pertaining to the ear
aut(o)-
self
aux(o)-
increase, growth
axill-
pertaining to the armpit
balano-
of the glans penis or glans clitoris
bi-
twice, double
blephar(o)-
pertaining to they eyelid
brachi(o)-
arm
brady-
slow
bronch(i)-
bronchus
bucc(o)-
pertaining to the cheek
burs(o)-
bursa
carcin(o)-
cancer
cardi(o)- pertaining to the heart
...
carp(o)- pertaining to the wrist
...
-cele
pouching, hernia
-centesis
surgical puncture for aspiration
cephal(o)-
pertaining to the head
cerebell(o)-
pertaining to the cerebellum
cerebr(o)-
pertaining to the brain
cervic-
pertaining tho the neck or cervix
chol(e)-
pertaining to bile
cholecyst(o)-
pertaining to the gall bladder
-cidal, -cide
killing, destroying
col-, colo-, colono-
colon
colp(o)-
pertaining to the vagina
com-
with, together
contra-
against
cost(o)-
pertaining to the ribs
crani(o)-
cranium
-crine
to secrete
cry(o)
cold
cutane-
skin
cyst(o)-, cyst(i)-
pertaining to the urinary bladder
cyt(o)-
cell
-cyte
cell
dactyl(o)-
pertaining to a finger, toe
dent-
pertaining to teeth
dermat(o)-, derm(o)-
pertaining to the skin
dextr(o)-
right, on the right side
digit-
pertaining to the finger
dis-
separation, taking apart
dors(o)-, dors(i)-
pertaining to the back
dys-
bad, difficult
ect(o)-
outer, outside
-ectasis
expansion, dilation
-ectomy
surgical removal of body part
-emesis
vomiting condition
-emia
blood condition
encephal(o)-
pertaining to the brain
endo-
inside, within
enter(o)-
pertaining to the intestine
epi-
before, upon, on, outside
erythr(o)-
pertaining to the intestine
-esophageal, -esophago
gullet
exo-
outside
extra-
outside
faci(o)-
pertaining to the face
front-
pertaining to the forehead
gastr(o)-
pertaining to the stomach
-genic
formative, producing
gingiv-
pertaining to the gums
glauco(o)-
grey, bluish-grey color
gloss(o)-, glott(o)-
pertaining to the tongue
gluco-
glucose
glycol-
sugar
-gram
record or picture
-graph
record or picture
-graphy
process of recording
gyn(aec)o-
woman
halluc-
to wander mentally
hema-, hemo-
blood
hemat-, hemo-
blood
hemi-
half
hepat-, hapatic-
pertaining to the liver
heter(o)-
other, different, addition
hist(o)-, histio-
tissue
hom(o)-
the same, common
humer(o)-
pertaining to the shoulder
hydr(o)-
water
hyp(o)-
low, below normal
hyper-
extreme, beyond normal
hyster(o)-
pertaining to the womb or uterus
-iasis
condition
-iatry
medical field pertaining to a body part
idio-
self, one's own
ileo-
ileum
infra-
below
inter-
between, among
intra-
within
isch-
restriction
-ism
condition, disease
-ismus
spasm, contraction
iso-
equal
-itis
inflammation
-ium
structure, tissue
kerat(o)-
cornea (eye or skin)
kyph(o)-
humped
labi(o)-
pertaining to the lip
lacrim(o)-
tear
lact(i)-, lact(o)-
milk
lapar(o)-
pertaining to the abdominal wall or flank
laryng(o)-
pertaining to the larynx (lower hroat/voice box)
latero-
lateral
-lepsis, -lepsy
attack, seizure
leuc(o)-, leuk(o)-
white color
lingu(a)-, lingu(o)-
pertaining to the tongue
lip(o)-
fat
lith(o)-
stone, calculus
-logist
one who studies a field
-logy
academic study or practice of a certain field
lymph(o)-
lymph
lys(o)-, -lytic
dissolution
-lysis
destruction, separation
macr(o)-
large, long
mamm(o)-
pertaining to the breast
mammill(o)-
pertaining to the nipple
meg(a)-, megal(o)-, -megaly
enlargement
melan(o)-
black color
mening(o)-
membrane
mes(o)-
middle
-metry
process of measuring
micro-
small, smallness
mon(o)-
single
muscul(o)-
muscle
my(o)-
muscle
myc(o)-
fungus
myel(o)-
bone marrow
myring(o)-
eardrum
narc(o)-
numb, sleep
nas(o)-
pertaining to the nose
necr(o)-
death
neo-
new
ocul(o)-
pertaining to the eye
odont(o)-
pertaining to the teeth
odyn(o)-
pain
-oid
resemblance to
olig(o)-
having little, few
om(o)-
pertaining to the shoulder
-oma (singular), -omata (plural)
tumor, mass, collection
onco-
tumor, bulk, volume
oophor(o)-
pertaining to the woman's ovary
ophthalm(o)-
pertaining to the eye
optic(o)-
chemical properties of the eye
orchi(o)-, orchid-
testis
orth(o)-
straight, correct
osseo-
bony
ost(e)-, oste(o)-
bone
pan-, pant(o)-
complete, containing everything
papill-
pertaining to the nipple
papul(o)-
simple, pustle, small elevation/swelling in skin
para-
alongside of , abnormal
-paresis
slight paralysis
path(o)-
disease
-pathy
disease, disorder
ped-, -ped-, -pes
pertaining to foot or footed
pelv(i)-, pelv(o)-
hip bone
-penia
deficiency
-pepsia
digestion, digestrive tract
peri-
surrounding, around
-phage, -phagia
pertaining to eating/ingestion/swallowing
-phago-
eating, devouring
pharmaco-
drug, medication
pharyng(o)-
pertaining to the pharynx (upper throat cavity)
phleb(o)-
pertaining to a blood vein(s)
phon(o)-
sound
phot(o)-
light
-plasia
formation, development
-plasty
surgical repair, reconstruction
-pelgia
paralysis
pleio-
more, excessive, multiple
pleur(o)-, pleur(a)-
pertaining to the ribs
-plexy
stroke or seizure
pneum(o)-
pertaining to the lungs
pneumat(o)-
air, lung
poly-
denotes plurality
post-
after, behind
pre-
before
proct(o)-
anus, rectum
pseudo-
false, fake
psych(e)-, psych(o)-
pertaining to the mind
-ptosis
falling, dropping, downward placement, prolapse
-ptysis
coughing up, spitting
pulmon-, pulmo-
lungs
pyel(o)-
pelvis
pyo-
pus
pyro-
fever
quadr(i)-
four
radio-
radiation
rect(o)-
rectum
ren(o)-
pertaining to the kidney
retro-
backward, behind
rhin(o)-
pertaining to the nose
-rrhage
bust forth
-rrhagia
rapid flow of blood
-rrhea
flowing, discharge
salping(o)-
pertaining to the fallopian tubes
sangui, sanguine-
pertaining to the blood
sarco-
muscular, fleshlike
schiz(o)-
split, double-sided
scler(o)-
hardness
scoli(o)-
twisted
-scope
instrument for viewing
-scopy
use of instrument for viewing
semi-
one-half, partly
sial(o)-
saliva, salivary gland
sigmoid(o)-
sigmoid, sigmoid colon
sinus-
pertaining to the sinuses
-sis
condition of
somat(o)-, somatico-
body, bodily
spleen(o)-
spleen
spondyl(o)-
pertaining to the spine/vertebra
-stasis
stop, stand
-staxis
dripping, trickling
sten(o)-
narrow in shape
steh(o)-
pertaining to upper chest/chest
stom(a)-
mouth
stomat(o)-
pertaining to the mouth
sub-
beneath
super-
in excess, above, superior
supra-
above, excessive
tachy-
fast, irregularly fast
-tension, -tensive
pressure
therm(o)-
heat
thorac(i)-, thorac(o)-, thoracico-
pertaining to upper chest/chest
thromb(o)-
blood clot, clotting of blood
thry(o)-
thyroid
-tomy
act of cutting, incising, incision
tono-
tone, tension, pressure
toxi-, tox(o)-, toxico-
toxin, oison
trache(o)-
trachea
trans-
across, through
-tripsy
crushing
-trophy
nourishment, development
tympan(o)-
eardrum
umbilic-
umbilical
ur(o)-
urine/urinary system/ chemistry of urine
ur(c)-, urico-
uric acid
urin-
pertaining to urine, the urinary system
uter(o)-
pertaining to uterus or womb
vagin-
pertaining to vagina
varic(o)-
swollen or twisted vein
vas(o)-
duct, blood vessel
vasculo-
blood vessel
ven-
pertaining to the blood veins/vascular system
vesic(o)-
pertaining to the bladder
viscer(o)-
pertaining to the internal organs/viscera