41 terms

dance GCSE

STUDY
PLAY
alignment
correct placement of body parts in relation to each other; arranged so that there is no additional stress to muscle joints
balance
A steady or held position achieved by an even distribution of weight.
control
The ability to start and stop movement, change direction and hold a shape efficiently.
co-ordination
the efficient combination of body parts
Dynamics
The qualities of movement based upon variations in speed, strength and flow.
Extension
Lengthening one or more muscles or limbs into the space
Flexibility
The range of movement in the joints or the elasticity of ligaments and muscles
Movement memory
remembering the order of actions accurately
Posture
how the body is held when sitting or lying down
Spatial awareness
Consciousness of the surrounding space and its effective use.
Stamina
Ability to maintain physical and mental energy over periods of time.
Strength
Muscular power required to perform an action
Facial expression
Use of the face to show mood, feeling or character.
Focus
The dancer's sight line. Use of the eyes to enhance performance or interpretative qualities.
Interpretation
Finding the meaning that is in the movement or finding the movement that is in the idea.
Projection
The energy the dancer uses to connect with and draw in the audience and bring the performance to life..
Musicality
The ability to make the unique qualities of the accompaniment evident in performance.
Sense of rhythm
being able to hear or feel a beat or metre and project that knowledge.
sensitivity to other dancers
Awareness of and connection to other dancers.
name the features of contemporary dance (6)
-flexed ankles and feet
-Contractions
-Spirals
-Use of floor
-tilts
-energy and flow
feature of classical ballet (4)
-pointe work
-lifts
-mime
-set positions
Folk Dance
-foot patterns
-rhythm
-group shapes
Jazz
-Isolations
-rhythm
-lively
-high kicks
-spins
African
-Near floor
-bent knees
-use of body
-rhythmic
indian
-use of hands and eyes
-rhythm
-close to floor
Street
-strong
-forceful and fast
-limited use of space
mobility
flexibility in joints
name the 5 key features of IMPULSE (set dance
-swing and momentum
-curved vs flat back of spine
-the use of diagonal pathways
-expansive body movements
-transferring from parallel for 1st positions of the feet.
why is it important to warm up?
-mobilise joints = no injury
-heart rate increases = oxygenated blood = better respiration in muscles
-muscles stretched whilst body warm
importance of a cool down?
-so that body can transition between exercising back to a steady rate of rest
-reduces build up lactic acid = no stiffness/cramp
what do you do if you injure yourself
Pressure
Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation
name 6 features of a safe dance space
-no obstacles
-high enough ceilings
-enough space in relation to number of dancers
-no spillages
-suitable non-slip flooring
-no trailing wires
Accumulation
When a dancer performs a series of movements and others join in at different times until all perform in unison.
Canon
When the same movements overlap in time
Complimentary
performing actions or shapes that are similar to but not exactly the same as another dancer's.
Counterpoint
When dancers perform different phrases simultaneously.
Elevation
The action of "going up" without support, such as in a jump
Fragmentation
Use of parts of a phrase or motif.
retrograde
Reversing a movement phrase.
Rondo
A music or dance form with alternating and repeating sections.
Unison
Two or more dancers performing the same movement at the same time.