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20 terms

Poetry/Figurative Language

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rhyme
recurring identical or similar final word sounds, eg. stow, blow, show, go
rhythm
the repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
meter
a fixed pattern of accented and unaccented sylables in lines of fixed length to create rhythm
repetition
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds, eg. Peter Piper picked a pepper
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds, e.g., mad, hatter
consonance
repetition of final consonant sounds e.g. east/west
onomatopoeia
use of a word whos sound suggests its meaning. e.g., clatter, bang, pop
haiku
a 17-syllable. delicate, unrhymed Japanese verse, usually about nature
limerick
a 5-line, rhymed, rhythmic verse, usually funny
ballad
a songlike narrative poem, usually featuring rhythm, rhyme, and a refrain
free verse
poetry with neither regular meter nor a regular rhyme scheme
couplet
a pair of rhyming lines
quatrain
a stanza containing four lines
pun
a humorous play on words that sound similar or mean something similar
oxymoron
a phrase formed of contradictory words e.g. jumbo shrimp
imagery
language that appeals to the five senses: The basketball slammed against the backboard and swished through the net.
hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration
personification
When nonhuman things are described as having human behaviors
metaphor
when you compare two unlike things as though they were one