Amazon Rainforest Study Guide
For Social Studies Test 3/28/13
Terms in this set (22)
Huge tropical rainforest in South America. Largest tropical rainforest in the world. Covers more than 2 million square miles.
Type of broad leaf evergreen forest, found near the equator, where the climare is warm and wet all year.
Natives of an area, who have been conquered or dominated by others who came later.
Describes the variety of plants and animals in one place.
A community of all of the living things in an area.
Thick layer of overlapping trees that make up the top layer of the rainforest.
The middle layer of the forest, consisting of shrubs and trees.
The bottom layer, or ground, of the rainforest.
Removing or clearing away the trees from the forest.
Finding ways to use the resources of the rainforest without destroying it.
Humans breathe in oxygen, release Carbon Dioxide. Plants absorb Carbon Dioxide, release oxygen. Process repeats.
Lungs of the Earth
The trees and plants of the rainforest are considered the lungs of the Earth because the trees and plants contribute to the important carbon-oxygen cycle. Scientists say that 25% of our oxygen comes from the Amazon Rainforest.
An area that has been set aside for a specific purpose. For example, Rubber tappers asked the government to create protected reserves in the rainforest. These areas would be set aside for sustainable activities like rubber tapping.
To cut down all of the trees in an area. Loggers clear cut trees in search of the scattered hardwoods they need for their products.
The planting, growing and harvesting of trees.
Any action that relates to the making, buying and selling of goods and services. Certain groups say that they have a right to do what they do in the rainforest because it contributes to economic activity.
Travel for pleasure rather than business of necessity; also, the business of organizing such travel. Attracting tourists helps a country's economy. Tourists spend money on hotels, meals, services and souvenirs.
A form of tourism that brings people to unique ecosystems while trying to avoid damage to these special places. This kind of travel attracts people who want to visit unique ecosystems, such as a rainforest. Boat tours of the Amazon rainforest attract ecotourists from all over the world.
Types of Sustainable Development
Example: Growing crops that don't require large areas to be cleared. Shade-grown coffee. This method of growing coffee makes good use of rainforest trees.
Another less harmful way of using the rainforest. Instead of clear-cutting large areas, strip loggers clear long, narrow strips of forest. The forest grows back in these strips far more quickly thatn in large clear-cut areas.
The natural environment in which a plant or animal lives. The rainforest provides a natural habitat for many different types of plants and animals.
The replanting of trees in a formerly forested area by people or by nature.