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25 terms

Endocrine Glands, Hormones, Target Cells and Hormone Functions

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Human Growth Hormone
Gland: Ant. Pituitary
Location: Cartilage, bone, skeletal muscle, liver
Function: Stimulates secretion of hormones that stimulate body growth and metabolism
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Gland: Ant. Pituitary
Location: Thyroid Gland
Function: Stimulates growth of thyroid gland and secretion of its hormones
Follicle stimulating hormone
Gland: Ant. Pituitary
Location: Testes/Ovaries
Function: Stimulates sperm production; oocyte production and estrogen secretion
Luteinizing Hormone
Gland: Ant. Pituitary
Location: Testes/Ovaries
Function: Stimulates secretion of testosterone; triggers ovulation and stimulates secretion of estrogen and progesterone
Prolactin
Gland: Ant. Pituitary
Location: Mammary Gland
Function: Stimulates production and secretion of milk
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Gland: Ant. Pituitary
Location: Adrenal Cortex
Function: Stimulates secretion of hormones by adrenal cortex
Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone
Gland: Ant. Pituitary
Location: Skin
Function: Darkens skin pigmentation
Antidiuretic Hormone
Gland: Post. Pituitary
Location: Kidneys
Function: Decreases water lost in urine by returning water to the blood
Oxytocin
Gland: Post. Pituitary
Location: Uterus and Mammary Glands
Function: Stimulates uterine contractions and milk ejection during suckling
Thyroxine
Gland: Thyroid Gland
Location: Most body cells
Function: Increases Metabolism and BMR 1
Triiodothyronine
Gland: Thyroid Gland
Location: Most body cells
Function: Increases Metabolism and BMR 2
Calcitonin
Gland: Thyroid Gland
Location: Osteoclast cells in bones
Function: Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
Parathyroid Hormone
Gland: Parathyroid Glands
Location: Osteoclasts cells in bones
Function: Increases blood calcium levels by stimulating osteoclasts to break down bone matrix
Aldosterone
Gland: Adrenal Cortex
Location: Kidneys
Function: Decreases sodium and water loss in urine by returning sodium and water to the blood
Cortisol
Gland: Adrenal Cortex
Location: Liver, muscle and cells involved in body defenses
Function: Increases resistance to stress increases blood glucose levels, and decreases inflammation
Androgens
Gland: Adrenal Cortex
Location: Uterus, mammary glands, and other body cells involved in secondary sex characteristics
Function: Insignificant in males; increases sex drive in females
Epinephrine
Gland: Adrenal medulla
Location: body cells involved in fight-or-flight response
Function: promotes flight or fight response 1
Norepinephrine
Gland: Adrenal medulla
Location: body cells involved in fight-or-flight response
Function: promotes flight or fight response 2
Insulin
Gland: Pancreas
Location: Most body cells
Function: Decreases blood glucose levels by transporting glucose into body cells
Glucagon
Gland: Pancreas
Location: Liver
Function: Increases blood glucose levels by stimulating liver to break down glucogen into glucose
Estrogen
Gland: Ovaries
Location: Uterus, mammary glands, and other body cells involved in female sexual characteristics
Function: Stimulates development of female sex characteristics; helps regulate menstrual cycle
Progesterone
Gland: Ovaries
Location: Uterus, mammary glands and other body cells involved in female sexual characteristics
Function: Stimulates development of male sex characteristics; stimulates male sex drive; regulates sperm production
Testosterone
Gland: Testes
Location: Testes, muscle, and other body cells involved in male sexual characteristics
Function: Stimulates development of male sex characteristics; stimulates male sex drive; regulates sperm production
Melatonin
Gland: Pineal Gland
Location: Brain
Function: Helps to set biological clock
Thymosin
Gland: Thymus
Location: T cells
Function: Promotes maturation of T cells for the immune response