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Terms in this set (52)
How do you evaluate to determine a horse's balance?
Topline, back, croup/hip, heartgirth, shoulder and neck
For balance, where should you be able to draw 3 circles?
Starting at the point of the shoulder and extending to the heartgirth, one just behind the the heartgirth to the flank, and the last one at the flank to the point of the buttocks.
After drawing your circles, what do you ask yourself?
1) Are the circles the same size?
2) Which circle is smallest?
3) Which circle is largest?
The horse's topline should represent _____?
One continuous line starting at the poll and extending to the tailhead
The back lies from the ____?
Withers to the loan and should be strong and relatively short compared to the underline
As part of the topline, the croup should be ___?
Smooth and strong
You don't want the croup to be _____?
Short and steep
What type of heartgirth is desirable?
Deep and fairly thick - it should extend back into the foreribs and barrel
The shoulder slope should be ______?
About a 45 degree angle from the point of the shoulder to the top of the withers
The neck should be long or short?
Tie into chest
From the side view, you should be able to draw a straight line from ?
The shoulder down the front of the knee, cannon bone, and hoof in the front, and from the hindquarters down the hock, cannon bone, and back of hoof
When the horse is facing toward or away from you, a line should be drawn from ?
The point of the shoulder or buttock down through the knee/hock, cannon bone, and through the middle of the hoof.
The feet should be?
Tough, well rounded, and roomy with deep, open heels. They should be set directly under the knees and hocks and should be straight when viewed from the front and rear
The legs should be ?
Straight and the knees and hocks should be deep, wide, and free from coarseness.
How should the leg bone appear?
Flat and be clean, hard, and free from puffiness
The tendons should be ?
Certain areas of the body should posses additional volume and definition of muscle. These areas are ?
Chest or pectoral region, the forearm, the shoulder, loin, croup, stifle, and gaskin.
The most desirable kind of muscling is?
Long, smooth and deep rather than short and bunchy
From the side view, what should be evaluated for muscling?
Forearm, shoulder, loin, and hip
From the front view, muscle?
Chest and again forearm region
Hind view, muscling?
Stifle & gaskin for muck or quality and quantity
Quality is the combination of?
Skin, hair coat, head, throatlatch, feet, and bone structure
How should a horse's head be in western pleasure?
Relaxed, natural position, with the poll level with or slightly above the level of the withers. It should not carry its head behind the vertical.
Natural, flat-footed, four-beat gait.
Smooth, ground-covering, two-beat diagonal gait.
Easy, rhythmical, three-beat gait.
Terms for General Appearance?
-the best combination of
-dominated the class in terms of his/her overall balance, heavy muscling, and structural correctness
-more substance of muscle and bone
Terms for Balance?
-longer, more sloping shoulder
-deeper barreled horse
-straight and smooth overtop
-more powerful topline
-more arch of rib
Terms for Head and Neck?
-wider between the eyes
-longer, leaner neck
-higher tying from neck into the shoulder
Terms for Structure?
-stood straighter and more structurally sound
-stood on straighter legs
-was more structurally correct by being
-longer, more sloping pasterns
Terms for Travel?
-moved out with more clearance between the knees and hocks
-straighter, truer stride
-greater freedom of movement
-drove from behind with more hock action
Terms for Muscling?
-showed greater volume of muscling over a larger frame
-stood on wider, more desirable foundation
-thicker, more heavier muscled stifle
Terms for Quality, Breed, & Sex Characteristics?
-showed more breed character about the head and neck
-showed a more prominent jaw
Terms for Faults in General Appearance?
-lacked balance and quality
-smallest, lest balanced horse in the class
-lacked style and presence
Terms for Faults in Balance?
-long and weak over the topline
-short, straight shoulder
Terms for Faults of Head and Neck?
-short, thick neck that tied low into the shoulder
Terms for Fault in Structure?
-shorter, straighter pasterns
-stood on hoof too small
Terms for Fault in Travel?
-appeared to be least athletic
-was a coarser moving individual
-did not travel straight
-small, being choppy and short in his/her stride
-had a rough, pounding gait
Terms for Fault in Muscling?
-lacked quality and muscle
Terms for Fault in Quality, Breed & Sex Characteristics?
-showed the least breed character
-lacked style, symmetry, and animation
-steadier, nicer-mannered horse
-backed with less mouthing of the bit
-took leads without hesitations
-went more collected at the lope
-carried his/her head more desirably
Fault Pleasure Horses?
-lacked style, type, disposition
-required the most restraint from rider
-head slow, rough transitions
-flowed through the pattern
-more accurate his/her pattern
-drove out harder in the runs, stopped smoother, and slid farther
-moved more freely into the rollback, driving out harder over the hocks
-showed more variation of size and speed in circles
-more prompt and exact lead changes
-ran harder from rollback to rollback
Fault Reining Horses?
-lacked control, finesse, and style
-ran through the stops
-anticipated in the runs
-lacked size and speed variation
-was late in his changes of leads
-was slow and awkward in his rollbacks
-maintained a more consistent pace from start to finish
-easiest, free moving, most stylish
-loped over log with ease
-calm, cool, and collected
-smoother in his transitions
Faults for Western Riding?
-anticipated the line changes
-hit the log at the lope
-stayed more evenly between reins
-maintained a more even pace down the line
-exhibited greater tuck to his front legs, with higher and more even knees
-extended more in his hand gallop
-more tuck to his knees
-had more style over the fences
-was softer in his landing
Fault in Hunter Hack?
-was faulted for a rub
-was faulted for rapping the fence
-was crooked in his approach
-changed leads between fences
-less use of the hocks
-hesitant to stop
-aside from this
-however, at the same time
-in regards to
-in analyzing the top pair
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