Praxis II: English Language Arts: Content Knowledge (5038) Historical Periods
Terms in this set (23)
Used to instruct faith, write letters to/from feudal kingdoms, preachers- few educated people.
A preoccupation with death and its thoughts about rotting corpses.
Old English Period
Expresses religious faith and gives moral instruction through literature
Characterized by foreign invasions and internal struggles.
Major Works: Beowulf
Middle English Period
A time when the English language began to take on an identity of its own.
Major Writers: Chaucer
A 19th century movement in which writers and painters sought to show life as it is rather than life as it should be.
It was a reaction to and a rejection of Romanticism.
Popularized the novel form.
Major Writers: Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Henry James, and Mark Twain
Found expression almost exclusively within the novel.
Identifying the underlying causes for a person's actions or beliefs through certain factors, such as heredity and social conditions, which are unavoidable determinants in one's life.
Major Writers: Edith Wharton, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, Stephen Crane, and Jack London
British Victorian Period
Begins the year Victoria became Queen and ends the year of her death.
Shows the drive for social advancement, financially or education-based.
Major Writers: Charles Dickens, Charlotte Bronte, and Oscar Wilde
American Colonial Period
"The Age of Johnson"
Dominated by puritan beliefs, and thus this period of literature is usually historical, religious, or didactic.
First slave narratives were written at this time.
British Neoclassical Period
Emphasis on reason and logic.
The approach to life is "the world is as it should be"
Major Writers: John Dryden, Johnathan Swift, and Daniel Defoe
18th and 19th Centuries
A movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason primarily through poetry.
Major Writers: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Walt Whitman, Edgar Allen Poe, Mary Shelley
American Romantic (Renaissance) Period
The first truly American literature.
Emotion over intellect, inspiration, imagination. Intuition over logic, discipline and order. Wild and natural over the tamed. Individual over society. Emphasized emotion and inner feeling and created a more democratic literature, accessible to everyone.
Nationalism and renewed self-confidence.
Major Writers: Hawthorne, Melville, Poe, Dickinson, Whitman, Douglass, Emerson, and Thoreau
British Romantic Period
Individual achievements are highly prized.
Nature, rural life, and pastoral imagery make common subjects for poetry.
Believed all people, regardless of wealth or social class, should be able to appreciate art and literature.
Major Writers: William Wadsworth, John Keats, Percy Shelley, Lord Byron
British Renaissance Period
The revival/rebirth of art and literature during the
Characterized by order, humanism, and imitation.
Major Writers: Shakespeare
A period when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished.
Depicted the role of blacks in contemporary American society.
Response to civil rights.
Major Writers: Zora Hurston, Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, and Countee Cullen
A cultural movement embracing human empowerment and rejecting traditionalism as outdated. Rationality, industry, and technology were cornerstones of progress and human achievement.
Experimentation and individualism became virtues.
The Lost Generation: Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald and William Faulkner- a group of American writers that rebelled against America's lack of cosmopolitan culture in the early 20th century
Major Writers: Joseph Conrad, T.S. Eliot, William Faulkner, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Virginia Woolf, George Bernard Shaw, and William Butler Yeats
The movement that said poetry was too stagnant.
It questions the foundations of cultural and artistic forms through self-referential irony and the juxtaposition of elements from popular culture and electronic technology.
A religious and philosophical movement.
A philosophy that requires humans to go beyond (transcend) reason in their search for truth. It assumes that an individual can arrive at the basic truths of life through spiritual insight if he/she takes the time to think seriously about them.
Major Writers: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, and Amos Bronson Alcott
"Age of Reason"
It emphasized reason and the scientific method.
Writers focused on government, ethics, and science, rather than on imagination, emotions, or religion.
Many members of the Enlightenment rejected traditional religious beliefs in favor of Deism, which holds that the world is run by natural laws without the direct intervention of God.
French philosophers such as Voltaire and Rousseau were important figures.
Democratic approach to knowledge, education, opinions, Everyone is equal in society (in principle).
A philosophy based on the idea that people give meaning to their lives through their choices and actions.
The idea that human beings simply exist, have no higher purpose, and must exist and choose their actions for themselves.
Major Writers: Beckett, Camus, Dostoyevsky, and Kafka
Features the element of surprise and unexpected juxtapositions.
Used fantastic images and incongruous juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams.
Emphasized the imagination and characterized by incongruous juxtapositions and lack of conscious control.
Part of Greek religion.
Myths and legends of the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
Appeared in the early 18th century in such cities as Boston, New York, Charleston, South Carolina though no drama was written till about the middle of the century
Focused on landscape, celebrated and developed american political philosophy and emphasized equality of persons, incorporated american words, and befits a country founded by revolution and pushed at moral boundaries.
They are intellectualized, use rather strange imagery, use frequent paradox and contain extremely complicated thought.
John Donne, Andrew Marvell, and George Herbert
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