26 terms

World History Unit 5

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Terms in this set (...)

militarism
a policy of glorifying military power and keeping power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Triple Alliance
a military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding World War 1
Triple Entente
a military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War 1
Central Powers
in World War 1, the nations of Germany and Austria Hungary, along with the other nations that fought on their side
Allies
in World War 1, the nations of Great Britain, France and Russia, along with the other nations that fought on their side;
Schlieffen Plan
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War 1, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia
Trench Warfare
a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield
unrestricted submarine warfare
the use of submarines to sink without warning any ship (including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners) found in enemy waters
total war
a conflict in which the participating countries devote all of their resources to the war effort
rationing
the limiting of the amounts of good that people can buy -often imposed by governments during wartime , when goods are in short supply
propaganda
information or material to advance a cause or to damage an opponent's cause
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a separate peace treaty that the Soviet government was forced to sign on March 3, 1918 after almost six months long negotiations at Brest-Litovsk (now Brest, Belarus) between Russia (the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic) and the Central Powers marking Russia's exit from World War I. Signing of the treaty defaulted Russia's commitments on the Triple Entente alliance.
self determination
the freedom of a people to determine under what form of government they wanted to live
Kaiser Wilhelm II
the German ruler during World War 1, who wanted to demonstrate German power
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, who was assassinated in Bosnia in 1914, setting in motion World War 1
The Black Hand
a secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule
Dardanelles Strait
the narrow sea strait that was the gateway to the Ottoman capital, Constantinople
Arthur Zimmermann
Germany's foreign secretary who sent a note to Mexican officials, stating that they would help them "reconquer" Mexican land lost to the US, if Mexico would ally with Germany in World War II
Woodrow Wilson
president of the US during World War I; he was part of the Big Four ; a group who made most of the decisions during the Paris Peace conference
Georges Clemenceau
leader of France during World War I, was a part of the Big Four during the Paris Peace conference; wanted to punish Germany for the war
Fourteen Points
a series of peace proposals drawn up by President Wilson, which outlined a plan for achieving a just and lasting peace
armistice
an agreement to stop fighting
Lusitania
a British passenger ship sunk by a German U-boat, or submarine, 1198 people died, including 128 US citizens
Russia's response to Austria declaring war on Serbia
Russia began moving it's army toward the Russian-Austrian border. It mobilized Russia along the German border. Germany declared war
Cause of the US entry into World War I
The immediate cause of America's entry into World War I in April 1917 was the German announcement of unrestricted submarine warfare, and the subsequent sinking of ships with Americans on board (the Lusitania); and the Zimmermann telegram to Mexico
The Treaty of Versailles?
The Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed after World War One had ended in 1918 and in the shadow of the Russian Revolution and other events in Russia. This Treaty ended World War 1