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33 terms

A New Nation

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acts that challenged the foreign policy of President Adams
attacks on United States ships
reason for attacking U.S. ships
prevent U.S. from supplying their enemy
major issue dividing the Federalists and Democratic-Republican parties
how large and powerful the federal government should be
Republicans believed the U.S. economy should be based on what?
agriculture
How did Republicans view the Alien and Sedition Acts?
attack on freedom of speech
Alien and Sedition Acts
In 1798, Federalist-supported laws that permitted the president to expel foreigners, made it harder for immigrants to become citizens, and allowed for citizens to be fined or jailed if they criticized the government or its officials
John Adams
2nd President of the United States (1735-1826)
Federalist
A member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
Democratic-Republican
The party of Thomas Jefferson which favored a weak central government and a strict construction of the Constitution.
loose construction of Constitution
view by the Federalists that the Constitution should be interpreted loosley and not literally.
strict interpretation of Constitution
This view of the constitution meant that it was to be followed exactly to the
word, a philosophy adopted by Jefferson.
region of the United States that the Louisiana Purchase was located
central United States
Marbury v. Madison
established judicial review
judicial review
The right of the Supreme Court to determine if a law violates the Constitution
Lewis and Clark
Two explorers sent by Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Purchase
significance of Lewis & Clark expedition
improved America's knowledge of the west
impressment
the act of seizing by force
river that flows into New Orleans
Mississippi River
Federalists believed the economy should be based on what?
business and trade
tariff
Tax on imported goods
Who supported tariffs?
Northern factory owners
George Washington
First President under the U.S. Constitution that set precedent for future presidents.
One reason for buying the Louisiana Purchase
gave the United States control of the port of New Orleans
Why did Jefferson send Lewis and Clark into the Louisiana Territory?
explore and map the region
Secretary of State
The head of the Department of State and traditionally a key adviser to the president on foreign policy.
Secretary of the Treasury
handles the nation's money issues
Election of 1800 decided by the
House of Representatives
Alexander Hamilton
First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Thomas Jefferson
3rd U.S. President. 1801-1809. Democratic-Republican
Hamilton's Financial Plan
The government would take the debt of the nations and the states debt, make a national bank, and tax higher (which was the only one that did not pass thru congress)
XYZ Affair
A 1797 French attempt to bribe the United States by demanding money before discussing French seizure of neutral American ships
Whiskey Rebellion
1794 protest over tax on whiskey. Tested strength of new gov't under Washington's leadership
French Revolution
French rebellion that began in 1789 in which the French people overthrew the monarchy and made their country a republic