major issue dividing the Federalists and Democratic-Republican parties
how large and powerful the federal government should be
Alien and Sedition Acts
In 1798, Federalist-supported laws that permitted the president to expel foreigners, made it harder for immigrants to become citizens, and allowed for citizens to be fined or jailed if they criticized the government or its officials
A member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
The party of Thomas Jefferson which favored a weak central government and a strict construction of the Constitution.
loose construction of Constitution
view by the Federalists that the Constitution should be interpreted loosley and not literally.
strict interpretation of Constitution
This view of the constitution meant that it was to be followed exactly to the
word, a philosophy adopted by Jefferson.
First President under the U.S. Constitution that set precedent for future presidents.
One reason for buying the Louisiana Purchase
gave the United States control of the port of New Orleans
Secretary of State
The head of the Department of State and traditionally a key adviser to the president on foreign policy.
First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Hamilton's Financial Plan
The government would take the debt of the nations and the states debt, make a national bank, and tax higher (which was the only one that did not pass thru congress)
A 1797 French attempt to bribe the United States by demanding money before discussing French seizure of neutral American ships
1794 protest over tax on whiskey. Tested strength of new gov't under Washington's leadership