176 terms

Talk to Me in Korean Level 4

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-을수록
"the more [A] the more [B]/especially since" verb ending
바쁠수록 건강이 중요해요
The busier you are, the more important your health is.
학생일수록 책을 많이 읽어야 돼요
If you are a student, especially because you are a student, you need to read a lot of books
많으면 많을수록 좋아요
The more, the better
갈수록
"more and more so in time" or "as time goes by"
재미있는 사람일수록 인기가 많아요
the more interesting a person is, the more popular they are.
인기
popularity
중요하다
to be important
-(으)ㄹ래요
used when you want to express an intention or a will to do something. It can mean "I want
to..." or "I'm going to...", or it can also mean "Do you want to...?" when it is used in a question sentence. Used in casual settings
집에 갈래요
I want to go home. / I'm going to go home
혼자 할래요
I'll do it alone. / I want to do it alone
-(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요
It can't be, it's impossible (can also be used with past/future, future is same as present)
이유
reason
논리
logic
그렇다
to be so
그럴 리가 없어요.
It can't be, it's impossible
눈이 올 리가 없어요
it can't be snowing!
-죠/-지(요)
verb ending used when you are talking about something, supposing that the other person also already knows about it or both you and the other person know about something or have a common opinion about something, and you
are just mentioning the fact again. Used in questions: you know about something, and you are asking yourself to confirm the fact, you don't know about something, and you are asking yourself a question, usually thinking out loud and asking
the other people around at the same time
맞아요. 피자 정말 맛있죠.
That's right, pizza is delicious.
이게 뭐지?
What is this? (you are not directly asking anyone)
그럴 수도 있죠
Yes that could be possible
당신
formal "you" (rarely used, usually you address the person by their name or title)
1. you are angry at someone and you don't mind fighting with that person.
2. you are translating from a foreign language and you must have a word for "you".
3. you are writing or singing a song.
4. you are addressing your spouse (usually common among middle-aged or older people).
casual "you"
네가/니가
casual "you" subject
여보/자기
to address one's spouse/significant other
related to moving/to move (word builder)
운동
exercise, workout
동작
movement
작동
operation (of a device)
활동
activity
동사
verb
동물
animal
연동
linkage, interlocking
행동
behavior
동영상
video
괜찮아요
It's okay/I'm okay (don't worry, everything is fine, I'm cool, it's good)
되다
to function, to work, to be possible, can do
지금 인터넷 돼요?
Does the internet work now?
-아/어/여도 되다
It is okay to/Don't have to/ Don't need to
켜다
to turn on, to switch on
켜도 돼요
It's okay. You can turn it on.
내일 해도 돼요.
It's okay if you do it tomorrow. You can just do it tomorrow.
안 먹어도 돼요
You don't have to eat it. It's okay if you don't eat it
-(으)면 안 되다
You shouldn't/you're not supposed to
열면 안 돼요
You shouldn't open it.
만지면 안 돼요
You shouldn't touch it
말하면 안 돼요
You shouldn't tell/talk
던지다
to throw
중에서/중에
among, between when listing a few options to choose from
Between A and B= A하고 B 중에서 [A-ha-go B jung-e-seo]
중학교
middle school
중식
lunch (formal)
회의중
Meeting in process (회의 means meeting)
이 세 개 중에서
Among these three things
사이에서
among (ex: popular among friends, famous among teenagers)
친구들 사이에서 인기가 많아요
He is popular among friends
사이에
between, when referring to a physical space between two objects or two people
은행하고 공원 사이에 있어요
I am between the bank and the park.
아무
any (must be used with other nouns) (with positive sentences you use -나, and -도 for negative sentences to mean no+noun)
아무나
anybody, doesn't matter who, anyone
아무나 올 수 있어요
Anyone can come.
아무거나
Anything, doesn't matter what
아무거나 주세요
Give me anything.
아무데나
Anyplace, anywhere
아무도
nobody, not anybody
아무것도
nothing, not anything
아무것도 만지지 마세요
Do not touch anything.
아무것도 몰라요
I don't know anything.
아무데도
nowhere, not any place
아무거나 먹으면 안 돼요
you shouldn't eat just anything
-아/어/여 보다
to try doing something
이거 써 봤어요?
Have you tried using this?
들어가 볼까요?
Shall we try going in and seeing what it's like?
이거 해 보고 싶어요
I want to try doing this
물어보다
to ask
알아보다
to look into something, to recognize
지켜보다
to keep a watchful eye on something
이거 먹어 봐요.
try eating this
제가 알아볼게요.
I'll look into it
not (word builder)
불안
anxiety, anxious
불편
inconvenient, uncomfortable
불완전
incomplete
불균형
imbalance
불만
complaint
부정확
incorrect
부주의
carelessness
부당
wrong, unfair, unjust
부적절
inappropriate
가끔
sometimes
자주
often
항상
always
맨날
always, all the time
별로
seldom, rarely
전혀
not at all
거의
almost not at all
가끔 서점에 가요
I go to the bookstore sometimes
항상 물어보고 싶었어요
I've always wanted to ask you.
요즘에는 운동을 별로 안 해요
I rarely work out these days
아무때나
anytime
아무 말도/ 아무 이야기도
not a word, not a mention
아무 말도 안 했죠?
You didn't tell them anything, right?
아무렇지도 않다
to be alright, to be okay, to be unaffected by
저는 아무렇지도 않아요
I'm okay
아무한테도
to nobody
아무한테도 주지 마세요
Don't give it to anybody
아무렇게나
just in any way, however you like it
아무렇게나 해도 돼요
You can do it anyway you want
아무(런) + noun + -도 + (없어요)
there is no + noun (of any kind)
아무 소식도 없어요.
There is no news (from them)
아무 맛도 없어요
it is tasteless.
아무것도 아니에요.
It's nothing
조용하다
to be quiet
Topic market contractions
1. 저는 ---> 전
2. 나는 ---> 난
3. 이것은 ---> 이거는 ---> 이건
4. 서울에는 ---> 서울엔
5. 어제는 --> 어젠
제일/가장
most/best (+ adj/adv) (used as an adv) (제일 is more common)
제일 예쁜 여자
the most beautiful girl
제일 좋아요
To be the best
제일 좋은 것
the best thing/ favorite thing
제일 가까운 역이 어디에요?
Where is the closest station?
어떤 색깔이 가장 좋아요?
Which color is the best/which color is your favorite?
요즘 가장 인기 있는 가수는 누구예요?
These days who is the most popular singer?
less/not completely yet/not fully (used as an adv)
어제보다 덜 추워요
It is less cold than yesterday
물은 더 마시고, 술은 덜 마셔야 돼요.
you should drink more water and less alcohol.
덜 왔어요.
We are not there yet
아직 덜 봤어요
I haven't finished it yet (in response to: Give me my book back)
돌려주다
to return something, to give something back
돌리다
to turn, to revolve
돌아가다
to return, to go back
돌다
to be turning, to rotate
빌려주다
to lend something to someone
빌리다
to borrow
나가다
to go out
나오다
to come out
들다
to go into, to lift, to get into
들어오다
to come inside
들어가다
to go inside, to enter
place, yard, location
장소
place, venue
운동장
playground
주차장
parking lot
장면
scene
시장
marketplace
목장
farm, ranch
수영장
swimming pool
예식장
wedding hall
자기장
magnetic field
중력장
gravity field
이렇다
to be like this, to be this way
그렇다
to be like that, to be that way
저렇다
to be like that (over there), to be that way (over there)
이렇게
like this, in this way
그렇게
like that, in such a way
저렇게
like that (over there)
이거 어쩔 거예요?
What are you going to do, how are you going to take care of this? (contracted from 어떡할 거예요?)
훨씬
much more, far more
훨씬 더 멋있다
to be much more cooler
일본어보다 한국어가 훨씬 쉬워요.
Korean is much easier than Japanese
훨씬 덜
much less + adj/adv (ex: 훨씬 덜 비싸다 - to be much less expensive)
가깝다
to be near
-(으)ㄹ [-(eu)l] + noun
future tense noun groups: future tense verb made to a adj
읽을 책
A book that someone will read, a book to read
보내다
to send
보낼 편지
a letter to send, a letter someone will send
-(으)ㄴ [-(eu)n] + noun
past tense noun groups, verb is made into a past tense adj
어제 본 영화
the movie that i watched yesterday
내일 비 올 것 같아요
I think it will rain tomorrow
-아/어/여지다
verb ending meaning "to become + adj"
예뻐지다
to become pretty
날씨가 따뜻해졌어요
the weather has become warm
줄이 길어졌어요
the line has become longer
내일 다시 추워질 거예요
it will become cold again tomorrow
-게 되다
to gradually get to do something, to eventually find oneself doing something, to end up doing something

When you don't want to do something or don't expect to, but you eventually end up doing
it, When talking about the future, if you want to say that someone or you will eventually
do something whether or not that person wants to

Ex:
[present tense] 하게 돼요.
[past tense] 하게 됐어요.
[future tense] 하게 될 거예요.
지난 주에 영화를 보게 됐어요
I wasn't planning to in the first place, but I got to see a movie last week.
내일 알게 될 거예요
You will find out tomorrow
다 사게 됐어요
I ended up buying everything
따뜻하다
to be warm