Talk to Me in Korean Level 4
Terms in this set (176)
"the more [A] the more [B]/especially since" verb ending
바쁠수록 건강이 중요해요
The busier you are, the more important your health is.
학생일수록 책을 많이 읽어야 돼요
If you are a student, especially because you are a student, you need to read a lot of books
많으면 많을수록 좋아요
The more, the better
"more and more so in time" or "as time goes by"
재미있는 사람일수록 인기가 많아요
the more interesting a person is, the more popular they are.
to be important
used when you want to express an intention or a will to do something. It can mean "I want
to..." or "I'm going to...", or it can also mean "Do you want to...?" when it is used in a question sentence. Used in casual settings
I want to go home. / I'm going to go home
I'll do it alone. / I want to do it alone
-(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요
It can't be, it's impossible (can also be used with past/future, future is same as present)
to be so
그럴 리가 없어요.
It can't be, it's impossible
눈이 올 리가 없어요
it can't be snowing!
verb ending used when you are talking about something, supposing that the other person also already knows about it or both you and the other person know about something or have a common opinion about something, and you
are just mentioning the fact again. Used in questions: you know about something, and you are asking yourself to confirm the fact, you don't know about something, and you are asking yourself a question, usually thinking out loud and asking
the other people around at the same time
맞아요. 피자 정말 맛있죠.
That's right, pizza is delicious.
What is this? (you are not directly asking anyone)
그럴 수도 있죠
Yes that could be possible
formal "you" (rarely used, usually you address the person by their name or title)
1. you are angry at someone and you don't mind fighting with that person.
2. you are translating from a foreign language and you must have a word for "you".
3. you are writing or singing a song.
4. you are addressing your spouse (usually common among middle-aged or older people).
casual "you" subject
to address one's spouse/significant other
related to moving/to move (word builder)
operation (of a device)
It's okay/I'm okay (don't worry, everything is fine, I'm cool, it's good)
to function, to work, to be possible, can do
지금 인터넷 돼요?
Does the internet work now?
It is okay to/Don't have to/ Don't need to
to turn on, to switch on
It's okay. You can turn it on.
내일 해도 돼요.
It's okay if you do it tomorrow. You can just do it tomorrow.
안 먹어도 돼요
You don't have to eat it. It's okay if you don't eat it
-(으)면 안 되다
You shouldn't/you're not supposed to
열면 안 돼요
You shouldn't open it.
만지면 안 돼요
You shouldn't touch it
말하면 안 돼요
You shouldn't tell/talk
among, between when listing a few options to choose from
Between A and B= A하고 B 중에서 [A-ha-go B jung-e-seo]
Meeting in process (회의 means meeting)
이 세 개 중에서
Among these three things
among (ex: popular among friends, famous among teenagers)
친구들 사이에서 인기가 많아요
He is popular among friends
between, when referring to a physical space between two objects or two people
은행하고 공원 사이에 있어요
I am between the bank and the park.
any (must be used with other nouns) (with positive sentences you use -나, and -도 for negative sentences to mean no+noun)
anybody, doesn't matter who, anyone
아무나 올 수 있어요
Anyone can come.
Anything, doesn't matter what
Give me anything.
nobody, not anybody
nothing, not anything
아무것도 만지지 마세요
Do not touch anything.
I don't know anything.
nowhere, not any place
아무거나 먹으면 안 돼요
you shouldn't eat just anything
to try doing something
이거 써 봤어요?
Have you tried using this?
Shall we try going in and seeing what it's like?
이거 해 보고 싶어요
I want to try doing this
to look into something, to recognize
to keep a watchful eye on something
이거 먹어 봐요.
try eating this
I'll look into it
not (word builder)
wrong, unfair, unjust
always, all the time
not at all
almost not at all
가끔 서점에 가요
I go to the bookstore sometimes
항상 물어보고 싶었어요
I've always wanted to ask you.
요즘에는 운동을 별로 안 해요
I rarely work out these days
아무 말도/ 아무 이야기도
not a word, not a mention
아무 말도 안 했죠?
You didn't tell them anything, right?
to be alright, to be okay, to be unaffected by
저는 아무렇지도 않아요
아무한테도 주지 마세요
Don't give it to anybody
just in any way, however you like it
아무렇게나 해도 돼요
You can do it anyway you want
아무(런) + noun + -도 + (없어요)
there is no + noun (of any kind)
아무 소식도 없어요.
There is no news (from them)
아무 맛도 없어요
it is tasteless.
to be quiet
Topic market contractions
1. 저는 ---> 전
2. 나는 ---> 난
3. 이것은 ---> 이거는 ---> 이건
4. 서울에는 ---> 서울엔
5. 어제는 --> 어젠
most/best (+ adj/adv) (used as an adv) (제일 is more common)
제일 예쁜 여자
the most beautiful girl
To be the best
제일 좋은 것
the best thing/ favorite thing
제일 가까운 역이 어디에요?
Where is the closest station?
어떤 색깔이 가장 좋아요?
Which color is the best/which color is your favorite?
요즘 가장 인기 있는 가수는 누구예요?
These days who is the most popular singer?
less/not completely yet/not fully (used as an adv)
어제보다 덜 추워요
It is less cold than yesterday
물은 더 마시고, 술은 덜 마셔야 돼요.
you should drink more water and less alcohol.
We are not there yet
아직 덜 봤어요
I haven't finished it yet (in response to: Give me my book back)
to return something, to give something back
to turn, to revolve
to return, to go back
to be turning, to rotate
to lend something to someone
to go out
to come out
to go into, to lift, to get into
to come inside
to go inside, to enter
place, yard, location
to be like this, to be this way
to be like that, to be that way
to be like that (over there), to be that way (over there)
like this, in this way
like that, in such a way
like that (over there)
이거 어쩔 거예요?
What are you going to do, how are you going to take care of this? (contracted from 어떡할 거예요?)
much more, far more
훨씬 더 멋있다
to be much more cooler
일본어보다 한국어가 훨씬 쉬워요.
Korean is much easier than Japanese
much less + adj/adv (ex: 훨씬 덜 비싸다 - to be much less expensive)
to be near
-(으)ㄹ [-(eu)l] + noun
future tense noun groups: future tense verb made to a adj
A book that someone will read, a book to read
a letter to send, a letter someone will send
-(으)ㄴ [-(eu)n] + noun
past tense noun groups, verb is made into a past tense adj
어제 본 영화
the movie that i watched yesterday
내일 비 올 것 같아요
I think it will rain tomorrow
verb ending meaning "to become + adj"
to become pretty
the weather has become warm
the line has become longer
내일 다시 추워질 거예요
it will become cold again tomorrow
to gradually get to do something, to eventually find oneself doing something, to end up doing something
When you don't want to do something or don't expect to, but you eventually end up doing
it, When talking about the future, if you want to say that someone or you will eventually
do something whether or not that person wants to
[present tense] 하게 돼요.
[past tense] 하게 됐어요.
[future tense] 하게 될 거예요.
지난 주에 영화를 보게 됐어요
I wasn't planning to in the first place, but I got to see a movie last week.
내일 알게 될 거예요
You will find out tomorrow
다 사게 됐어요
I ended up buying everything
to be warm
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