boating-drivers ed- chapter 4

how should a vessel's registration number and validation be displayed
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how do you know when you are operating your vessel at a safe speedyou have enough time to avoid a collisionaccording to Alabama boating law, which of the these is considered legal operationoperating at less than 5mph in a "slow, no wake" speed areawhat should a vessel operator do to make sure everyone knows what to do in an emergencyconduct an emergency drill with the passengerswhy is carbon monoxide gas danerousits colorless, odorless, tastless, and can be fatala recreational vessel is approaching a U.S. naval vessel. at what distance from the U.S. naval vessel must the recreational vessel slow to minimum speed500 yardswhat is the first action required of a boat operator who witnesses a boating accidentto provide assistanceunder which condition is a person at the greatest risk of developing hypothermiawhen immersed in cold waterwhat should you do immediately if a boat motor catches fireshut off the fuel supply, and try to put out the fire with an extinguisherif your inward/outward boat runs aground, what action should you take in addition to shifting the weight away from the point of impactstop the engine and lift the outdrivewhich action may cause the loss of steering ability in a PWCletting off the throttle controlwhat should a vessel operator do to keep a proper lookoutwatch for navigational hazardsin Minnesota what are the recommended hours for personal watercraft operationbetween sunset and sunrise (daylight hours)why should a vessel operator keep a proper lookoutto avoid collisionswhat should anglers and hunters do when they are fishing or hunting from a boatwear a life jacket at all timeswhat determines if a speed is safe for your boatvisibility conditionswhen must navigation lights be displayedfrom sunset to sunrise is when visibility is restrictedgunwaleUpper edge of boat's side (generally pronounced "gunnel")slow, no wake speedThe slowest possible speed necessary to maintain steerage, but in no case greater than five miles per hourmoorTo keep a boat in place by setting anchor or tying the boat to a fixed object or buoyMinnesota law prohibits anyone from boating while intoxicated (BWI)—that is, operating a motorboat while under the influence of alcohol, a controlled substance, or other illegal chemical. Alcohol and drugs cause impaired balance, blurred vision, poor coordination, impaired judgment, and slower reaction time. Alcohol is a major contributor to boating accidents and fatalities.TYPE I: Wearable Offshore Life JacketsThese vests are geared for rough or remote waters where rescue may take awhile. They provide the most buoyancy, are excellent for flotation, and will turn most unconscious persons face up in the water.TYPE II: Wearable Near-Shore VestsThese vests are good for calm waters when quick assistance or rescue is likely. Type II vests will turn some unconscious wearers face up in the water, but the turning is not as pronounced as with a Type I.TYPE III: Wearable Flotation AidsType III PFDs are USCG—approved for a variety of activities and available in a wide array of styles, including water-ski vests and inflatable PFDs. The PFD's USCG label will define approved activities, whether there is a minimum age for the user, and any other requirements for use.TYPE IV: Throwable (Not Wearable) DevicesThese cushions and ring buoys are designed to be thrown to someone in trouble. Since a Type IV PFD is not designed to be worn, it is neither for rough waters nor for persons who are unable to hold onto it.TYPE V: Special-Use DevicesThese vests, deck suits, hybrid PFDs, and others are designed for specific activities such as windsurfing, kayaking, or water-skiing. Some Type V PFDs are designed to inflate when you enter the water. To be acceptable, Type V PFDs must be worn and used in accordance with their label.Extinguishers are classified by a letter and number symbol. The number indicates the relative size of the extinguisher and the letter indicates the type of fire it will extinguish.Type A fires are of combustible solids like wood. Type B fires are of flammable liquids like gasoline or oil. Type C fires are electrical fires.Because boat engines may backfire, all gasoline engines (except outboards) must have an approved backfire flame arrestor on each carburetor. .They are designed to prevent the ignition of gasoline vapors in case the engine backfirescowtHooded opening designed to scoop in airPowerboatsare built to ventilate the engine when underway. As the boat moves along, an air intake scoops up fresh air and forces it down the air duct into the engine compartment. The exhaust sucks out the explosive fumes from the lowest part of the engine and fuel compartments.The required lights areRed and green sidelights visible from a distance of at least two miles away—or if less than 39.4 feet (12 meters) long, at least one mile away—on a dark, clear night. An all-round white light (if less than 39.4 feet long) or both a masthead light and a sternlight. These lights must be visible from a distance of at least two miles away on a dark, clear night. The all-round white light (or the masthead light) must be at least 3.3 feet (one meter) higher than the sidelights.backfireExplosion of prematurely ignited fuel or of unburned exhaust gases in an internal combustion engineIf less than 23.0 feet (7 meters) long, these vessels should:If practical, show the same lights as required for unpowered vessels less than 65.6 feet in length. If not practical, have on hand at least one lantern or flashlight shining a white lightVisual Distress Signals (VDSs)allow boat operators to signal for help in the event of an emergency. VDS's are classified as day signals (visible in bright sunlight), night signals (visible at night), or both day and night signals. VDSs are either pyrotechnic (smoke and flames) or non-pyrotechnic (non-combustible).Electric Light — Night SignalThe electric distress light is accepted for night use only and must flash the international SOS distress signal automatically.Orange Flag — Day SignalThe distress flag is a day signal only. It must be at least 3 x 3 feet with a black square and ball on an orange background.motorboats 16 feet to less than 26 feetmust carry a hand, mouth, or power-operated whistle or horn capable of producing a continuous sound for two seconds and audible for at least one-half mile.Motorboats 26 feet to less than 40 feetmust carry a hand or power-operated whistle or horn capable of producing a continuous sound for two seconds and audible for at least one mile.Motorboats 40 feet or longermust carry a power-operated whistle or horn capable of producing a continuous sound for two seconds and audible for at least one mileBoats less than 65.6 feet (20 meters) in lengthwhich includes PWCs, are required to carry on board a mouth, hand, or power operated whistle or horn or some other means to make an efficient sound signalOne prolonged blast at intervals of not more than two minutesthe signal used by power-driven vessels when underway.One prolonged blast plus two short blasts at intervals of not more than two minutesthe signal used by sailing vessels.Five (or more) short, rapid blasts signal danger or signalthat you do not understand or that you disagree with the other boater's intentions.Scuba divers must display a diver-down warning flag when diving. No more than four divers may dive under one flag, and divers must remain within 50 feet of their flag. Boats not involved with the diving operation must remain 150 feet away from the flagdivers flagA rectangular red flag, at least 15 x 12 inches, with a white diagonal stripe if on Minnesota watersalfa flag (federal)A blue and white International Code Flag A (or Alfa flag) is to be displayed on the boat if diving on federally controlled or international waters. This flag indicates that the boat is involved in a diving activity.