17 terms

Jiv, Panch Parmeshthi, Tirthankars

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jiva
Living beings
Siddha jiva
Liberated soul
Samsari jiva
Worldly soul
Atma
Soul; intangible and invisible presence that animates living beings
Kevalgnan
Infinite knowledge; enlightenment
Chaurindriya
4 sensed living beings such as scorpions, flies
Diksha
Renouncing worldly materials and taking the 5 Mahavrats to become a Sadhu or Sadhvi
Rishabdev Bhagwan
The 1st Jain Tirthankar of the present Time Cycle
Mahavir Bhagwan
The 24th Tirthankar of the present time cycle; lived in the 6th century BC
Panch Parmeshthi
Five supreme beings venerated in Jainism; praised in the "Navkar Mantra"
Acharya
Head of Jain Sangh; has deep knowledge of Jain scriptures as well as world religions and many languages
Upadhyay
Sadhus and Sadhvis who have mastered Jain scriptures and teach other Sadhus/Sadhvis/laypeople
Sadhu and Sadhvis
Jain monks and nuns who have renounced worldly life or taken "diksha"
Arihant
Destroyer of inner enemies; souls that have destroyed 4 Ghati karmas but have not yet gone to Moksha; sometimes refers specifically to Tirthankars
Siddha
Liberated souls that have destroyed all destructive and non-destructive karma and reside in Moksha
Tirthankar Naam karma
Acquired by having an intense desire for all living beings to attain nirvana; determines that the soul will become a Tirthankar
Kalyanaks
5 special events in a Tirthankar's life, including birth, Kevalgnan and Nirvana
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