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Vet Tech Pharmacology 2 Study Guide for Exam 1
Terms in this set (91)
A cat has chronic constipation which has led to impacted feces with tenesmus. Which of the following would be contraindicated to treat the constipation in this cat?
An example of an anticholinergic drug is:
An older cat has impacted feces with tenesmus. Castor oil would be an effective agent to relieve the constipation
Each of the following antiemetic drugs are classified as phenothiazine drugs except:
H2 receptors are located in which part of the body?
Metoclopramide (Reglan) is a centrally acting emetic that also has local antiemetic activity. It is more effective in dogs than in cats.
Norepinephrine, epinephrine, and dopamine are the primary neurotransmitters for the:
Sympathetic Nervous System
Phosphate enemas and laxatives are safe and effective for use in cats.
The H2 receptors are found in the
Which centrally acting emetic is the emetic of choice in cats?
Which of the following is a systemic antacid which is also a proton pump inhibitor?
Which of the following is used to control vomiting due to motion sickness
Which of the following are antibloat medications that may be used in cattle with frothy bloat?
Poloxalene and Mineral Oil
Which of the following are centrally acting emetics?
Xylazine and Apomorphine
Which of the following is a mucosal protective drug that binds to the ulcer and protects it from acid in the stomach?
Which of the following are not a narcotic (opioid) antidiarrheal drug?
Flunixine meglumine and metronidazole
Which of the following are antihistamine antiemetics?
Diphenhydramine, dimenhydrinate, and Trimethobenzamide
Which of the following is an osmotic cathartic?
Lactulose, Magnesium Hydroxide, Magnesium sulfate
Which of the following species cannot vomit?
Horses, Rabbits, Rodents
Which of the following drugs can cause ulcers?
Aspirn, Flunixine Meglumine, Phenylbutazone
Which of the following drugs a centrally acting emetic that is available in a tablet form. The tablets are placed directly into the conjunctival sac of the dog's eye and removed after vomiting has occurred.
Which of the following is an antibiotic and an anti-inflammatory antidiarrheal?
Which of the following is used in poisoning cases when vomiting is contraindicated to absorb chemicals and drugs in the upper GI tract?
Which of the following are antisialogues
Glycopyrollate and atropine
Which of the following antiemetics is contraindicated in animals with GI obstructions, GI perforation, or hemorrhage?
Which of the following is a prokinetic drug that is used to help increase the smooth muscle tone in cats with megacolon?
Which of the following is used in the treatment of scours in lambs, calves, and foals?
Oral electrolyte replacements
Which of the following antimicrobials are effective against anaerobic colon bacteria and Giardia?
Potassium Sparing Diuretic
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
A spayed female dog is dribbling urine when she is relaxed or asleep. Which medication could be used to treat this condition?
Dissolves in acidic urine
Prevented by decreasing the production of uric acid
Dissolves in basic urine
Calcium Oxalate uroliths
prolongued use of ______ diuretics may result in low blood potassium?
Which diuretic medication is primarily used to reduce cerebral edema associated with head trauma and as a diuretic for flushing absorbed toxins from the body as well as used to treat oliguric (little urination) renal failure and to decrease intraocular pressure (glaucoma)?
Which of the following medications is used to treat "spinal cord bladders" and promote the voiding of urine?
This diuretic is a competitive antagonist of aldosterone
Which of the following is a urinary acidifier?
Which of the following medications is classified as an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonists, and is an oral medication used to treat stress incontinence?
Phenylpropanolamine ( PPA )
Which of the following medications is used to help dissolve calcium oxalate uroliths?
What is a potential electrolyte imbalance that can occur as a result of administering a loop diuretic to a small animal?
Spironolactone, chlorothiazide, and furosemide are classified as:
Each of the following breeds are sensitive sensitive to ivermectin except:
Old English Sheep Dog
Each of the following are muscarinic signs of organophosphate toxicity except:
Each of the following are antitrematodals except
Each of the following are heartworm preventative except
Each of the following may be used in the treatment of organophosphate toxicity except:
Ivermectin is given in doses of
The active drug in Proheart 6 is moxidectin, a member of the drug class:
The drug class of choice for treating protozoal infections such as Coccidia and Toxoplasma is:
This product was the first macrolide available for use in veterinary medicine. Its spectrum of activity includes heartworm and internal and external parasites. Extra-label used of this product includes demodectic mange and heartworm microfilaria. This medication is:
What insecticide is effective in treating demodectic mange?
Which of the following is an insect growth regulator?
Which of the following products is ineffective against adult fleas?
Which of the following is used as an adjunct to post-adulticide heartworm treatment to decrease clot formation and proliferation of the pulmonary arterial lining?
Which of the following products is only effective against ascarids in dogs, cats, horses, ruminants, and poultry?
Which of the following is a very safe antinematodal that is the "Plus" in Heartgard Plus? It is also formulated by itself as an oral suspension commonly used in puppies.
Which of the following medications is effective against protozoa such as Giardia, Entamoeba histolytica, Trichomonas, and Balantidum coli, as well as anaerobic bacteria?
A CBC of an animal being treated with glucocorticoids will have each of the following changes except
Addison's disease can result in a potentially fatal _____________ and _____________.
Glucocorticoids are often used in veterinary medicine for treatment of all the following conditions except:
Glucocorticoids can induce parturition or abortion in cattle and mares, and cause abortions in bitches after day 20 of gestation.
Overuse of glucocorticoids can result in severe side effects through suppression of which organ?
Potential side effects of NSAID administration include each of the following except:
Side effects of glucocorticoids include each of the following except:
The IV form of this medication must not be given perivascularly in horses or severe tissue necrosis will occur.
The NSAID that is extremely toxic to cats is
Inflammation associated with osteoarthritis in dogs and for surgical pain?
Which of the following may occur if long term high dose glucocorticoid treatment is stopped suddenly?
Which of the following causes secretion of stomach protective mucus?
COX -1 `
Which species clears NSAIDs more slowly than other species?
Which species does not metabolize aspirin as rapidly as other species requiring it to be given no more often than every 48 hours?
used in horses for the treatment of colic and muscle skeleton pain and in cattle as an antipyretic
can penetrate skin and act as a carrier for other drugs. Must wear gloves and clean the area well before it is applied to the skin.
Anti inflammation agent and analgesic for osteoarthritis in dogs
Glucosamine and Chondrotin Sulfate
Neutracetical Chondrocprotective agent
Used to treat Acetominophen toxicity
An analgesic antipyretic that is Not an NSAID
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