17 terms

Narrative Techniques-AP English

STUDY
PLAY
foreshadowing
prepping the reader for the future; hints
stream of consciousness
attempts to reproduce the full and uninterrupted flow of a character's mental process, in which ideas, memories, and sense impressions mingle without logical transitions. Need not use conventional grammar.
flashback
scene that interrupts present action to depict earlier event
frame story
story that contains another story/stories. Usually significant to the main story
projection into future/flash forward
glimpses of the future; often creates suspense/curiosity
narrative pace
the speed (ex: quickly, slowly) of the story/novel/poem
point of view
the person or intelligence a writer creates to tell the story
speaker
The voice used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem. The speaker is often a created identity, and should not automatically be equated with the author's self. See also narrator, persona, point of view.
narrator
speaker of the story.
Types: first ("I"; usually a major participant in the action; sometimes unreliable),
second (rare),
third limited (limited to one or only a few characters' thoughts/feelings),
third omniscient (reliable, but can conceal or reveal at will)
persona (mask)
"actor's mask"; 1st person narrator in fiction/poetry. View may differ from author's.
dialogue
exchange of words between characters
interior monologue
the stream of consciousness revelation of a character's internal thoughts; often relies on sub linguistic level (images and connotations reveal thoughts).
parallel scenes
an invitation to compare/contrast different elements in the story
denouement
final revelations that occur after the main conflict is resolved
rhetorical questions
persuasive technique; questions that need no answer because its goal is to make you think, get it?
gaps
blanks in text that must be filled in by readers (is it really there, or is it a product of different readers' perceptions?)
sub plots
a 2nd plot (usually minor characters); usually resolved by events that figure into the main plot
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