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The Statute of Winchester:

Created the watch and ward

The Bow Street Runners:

were the most disciplined enforcement agents in London during its time.

Which commission, started in 1931, recognized Prohibition as unenforceable as well as a catalyst to police corruption?


What are the three major levels of law enforcement?

State, federal, local

Which local law enforcement official is responsible for serving court papers, maintaining security within courtrooms, and running the county jail?


Which state created "the first modern state police agency" in 1829?


The preeminent organization for private security professionals.


A federal agency established to funnel federal funding to state and local law enforcement agencies that is now defunct was the:


A police management strategy designed to increase the productivity of patrol officers through scientific analysis and evaluation of patrol techniques is called:

directed patrol

What is considered the backbone of police work?


Which of the following is not a prominent private security firm?


Which of the following people was associated with London's New Police?

Robert Peel

The first large-scale scientific study of law enforcement practices was conducted in which American city?

Kansas City

________ is an early form of police patrol in English cities and towns.


The nation's largest law enforcement agency is in:

New York

A decentralized state police agency operates with two agencies—a highway patrol and a state bureau of investigation.


In any discussion of evidence-based policing, it is important to remember that the word "evidence" refers to criminal evidence, not scientific evidence.


Vigilantism is the act of taking the law into one's own hands.


A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime mapping that was developed by the New York City Police Department.

Comp stat

The operational strategy known as ________ seeks to reduce chronic offending in the community.

problem solving

The line operation of a police department is associated with which type of police work?

Field activities associated with daily police work

The legalistic style of policing:

enforces the letter of the law.

FIGs, LEO, and NLETS are all ________ resources.

information sharing

Which factor does not influence a police officer's use of discretion?

Time of day

Which of the following is not an element of community policing?

centralization of command

POST is used by most states to:

set training standards for law enforcement officers.

Which of the following is not a benefit of educated police officers?

better handgun skills

What term is used to describe the order of authority within a police department?

chain of command

Annetta Nunn was a former police chief of which major American city?


Which of the following police personnel is trained in specific forensic techniques?

crime-scene investigators

Which of the following police personnel is trained in specific forensic techniques?

span of control

Police departments that enforce the letter of the law are known for the __________ style of police work.


Police professionalism requires that today's police officers have a great deal of specialized knowledge and that they adhere to the standards and ethics set out by the profession.


Discretion is used mostly in routine situations that involve offenses that are not very serious.


The Bill of Rights is the popular name given to the first ________ amendments to the U.S. Constitution.


Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by the:

Fourth Amendment.

Which Supreme Court ruling applied the principles regarding the exclusionary rule, developed in Weeks v. U.S., to trials in state courts?

Mapp v. Ohio

The information-gathering activity of police officers that involves direct question of suspects is known as:


This Supreme Court case has become the basis for a brief "stop and frisk" based on a reasonable suspicion.

Terry v. Ohio

_______________ exists when a set of facts and circumstances that would induce a reasonably intelligent and prudent person to believe that a particular other person has committed a specific crime.

Probable cause

A warrantless search of an arrested individual conducted to ensure the safety of the arresting officer is permitted:

incident to an arrest

Which 1960s U.S. Supreme Court dramatically changed the day-to-day practice of American policing?

Warren Court

Which U.S. Supreme Court cast established the plain view doctrine?

Harris v. U.S.

Which famous 1966 U.S. Supreme Court case required that criminal suspects be read their rights prior to being questioned by the police while in custody?

Miranda v. Arizona

Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by the:

Fourth Amendment.

The ____________ holds that evidence illegally seized by the police cannot be used in a trial.

exclusionary rule

The U.S. Supreme Court decided in Illinois v. Perkins that:

inmates freely talking about their crimes to an undercover officer posing as an inmate are not protected by Miranda

Concerning informants, which of the following was established in Aguilar v. Texas?

There is reasonable belief that the informant is reliable.

Silverthorne Lumber v. U.S. is responsible for describing what principle of Fourth Amendment processes?

Fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine

The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 made it more difficult for police investigators to intercept many forms of electronic communications.


An exception to the exclusionary rule: Law enforcement officers who conduct a search or who seize evidence on the basis of good faith (that is, when they believe they are operating according to the dictates of the law) and who later discover that a mistake was made (perhaps in the format of the application for a search warrant) may still provide evidence that can be used in court.


Latent evidence is evidence of relevance to a criminal investigation that is not readily seen by the unaided eye.


The plain-view doctrine still applies if officers move objects so that they can see evidence otherwise hidden from view.


The Law Enforcement Oath of Honor most closely resembles the:

Law Enforcement Code of Ethics

Officers who have adopted the police working personality are all of the following except:


Which of the following is NOT a method to help police officers reduce stress?


Of the 43.5 million people who have face-to-face contact with the police in a typical year, what percentage is subject to the use or threat of force?


In 2003, the U.S. Department of Justice banned its practice of racial profiling in all federal law enforcement agencies except for:

Terrorism suspects

Which of the following does the FBI consider an important strategy used to combat police corruption?

Increased ethics training of both new and experienced officers

Civil suits that are filed in the federal court system are known as:

1983 lawsuits

The doctrine of _______________ shields public officials from actions for damages unless their conduct was unreasonable in light of clearly established law.

qualified immunity

Historically, officers were allowed to use deadly force to prevent the escape of a suspected felon even when the person represented no immediate threat to the officer or the public. This was known as the:

fleeing felon rule.

In a normal year, most police officers who die in the line of duty die as a result of:


Tennessee v. Garner specified the conditions under which:

deadly force could be used to apprehend a suspected felon

What is the meaning of the term "grass-eaters" as a form of police corruption?

Officers who accept bribes and minor services from citizens seeking to avoid arrest

Stress is a natural component of police work.


The Knapp Commission focused on corruption in the New York City Police Department.


Law enforcement supervisors can be held liable for the actions of the officers under their command.


Less-lethal weapons are specifically designed to kill suspects.


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