Which commission, started in 1931, recognized Prohibition as unenforceable as well as a catalyst to police corruption?
Which local law enforcement official is responsible for serving court papers, maintaining security within courtrooms, and running the county jail?
A federal agency established to funnel federal funding to state and local law enforcement agencies that is now defunct was the:
A police management strategy designed to increase the productivity of patrol officers through scientific analysis and evaluation of patrol techniques is called:
The first large-scale scientific study of law enforcement practices was conducted in which American city?
A decentralized state police agency operates with two agencies—a highway patrol and a state bureau of investigation.
In any discussion of evidence-based policing, it is important to remember that the word "evidence" refers to criminal evidence, not scientific evidence.
A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime mapping that was developed by the New York City Police Department.
The operational strategy known as ________ seeks to reduce chronic offending in the community.
The line operation of a police department is associated with which type of police work?
Field activities associated with daily police work
Which of the following police personnel is trained in specific forensic techniques?
Police departments that enforce the letter of the law are known for the __________ style of police work.
Police professionalism requires that today's police officers have a great deal of specialized knowledge and that they adhere to the standards and ethics set out by the profession.
Discretion is used mostly in routine situations that involve offenses that are not very serious.
The Bill of Rights is the popular name given to the first ________ amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Which Supreme Court ruling applied the principles regarding the exclusionary rule, developed in Weeks v. U.S., to trials in state courts?
Mapp v. Ohio
The information-gathering activity of police officers that involves direct question of suspects is known as:
This Supreme Court case has become the basis for a brief "stop and frisk" based on a reasonable suspicion.
Terry v. Ohio
_______________ exists when a set of facts and circumstances that would induce a reasonably intelligent and prudent person to believe that a particular other person has committed a specific crime.
A warrantless search of an arrested individual conducted to ensure the safety of the arresting officer is permitted:
incident to an arrest
Which 1960s U.S. Supreme Court dramatically changed the day-to-day practice of American policing?
Which famous 1966 U.S. Supreme Court case required that criminal suspects be read their rights prior to being questioned by the police while in custody?
Miranda v. Arizona
The ____________ holds that evidence illegally seized by the police cannot be used in a trial.
The U.S. Supreme Court decided in Illinois v. Perkins that:
inmates freely talking about their crimes to an undercover officer posing as an inmate are not protected by Miranda
Concerning informants, which of the following was established in Aguilar v. Texas?
There is reasonable belief that the informant is reliable.
Silverthorne Lumber v. U.S. is responsible for describing what principle of Fourth Amendment processes?
Fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine
The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 made it more difficult for police investigators to intercept many forms of electronic communications.
An exception to the exclusionary rule: Law enforcement officers who conduct a search or who seize evidence on the basis of good faith (that is, when they believe they are operating according to the dictates of the law) and who later discover that a mistake was made (perhaps in the format of the application for a search warrant) may still provide evidence that can be used in court.
Latent evidence is evidence of relevance to a criminal investigation that is not readily seen by the unaided eye.
The plain-view doctrine still applies if officers move objects so that they can see evidence otherwise hidden from view.
Of the 43.5 million people who have face-to-face contact with the police in a typical year, what percentage is subject to the use or threat of force?
In 2003, the U.S. Department of Justice banned its practice of racial profiling in all federal law enforcement agencies except for:
Which of the following does the FBI consider an important strategy used to combat police corruption?
Increased ethics training of both new and experienced officers
The doctrine of _______________ shields public officials from actions for damages unless their conduct was unreasonable in light of clearly established law.
Historically, officers were allowed to use deadly force to prevent the escape of a suspected felon even when the person represented no immediate threat to the officer or the public. This was known as the:
fleeing felon rule.
Tennessee v. Garner specified the conditions under which:
deadly force could be used to apprehend a suspected felon
What is the meaning of the term "grass-eaters" as a form of police corruption?
Officers who accept bribes and minor services from citizens seeking to avoid arrest
Law enforcement supervisors can be held liable for the actions of the officers under their command.