The return of a word, phrase, stanza form, or effect in any form of literature. Repetition is an effective literary device that may bring comfort, suggest order, or add special meaning to a piece of literature.
a statement that seems absurd but is somehow valid
reference to famous person, place, thing, even or literary work
representing something as less important than it is
A protagonist who comes to a bad end as a result of his own behavior, usually cased by a specific personality disorder or character flaw.
exaggerated verbal irony; states the opposite of what's mean, usually to hurt (Greek "to tear flesh like dogs")
an exaggeration or other distortion of an individual's prominent features or characteristics to the point of making that individual appear ridiculous.
a sudden realization or understanding
intended meaning differs from the literal meaning: verbal (hyperbole, understatement, overstatement, opposite statement); dramatic (reader knows things character doesn't, consequently hearing things differently)
(words, phrases, whole passages) emphasizes ideas or images by using similar constructions
representing something more than itself
persuades reader that some doctrine is true; instructs or provides for a particular purpose, often to teach a lesson. (a book of manners, guide to life). Can be an insult to literature.
creation of empathy
involuntary projection of ourselves into story. We feel what the character feels. Stronger than sympathy (you cry vs. you feel sorry for someone)