26 terms

Stylistic Devices

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diction
word choice
cliche
a trite, stereotyped expression
connotation
suggestive/associative meaning of words
parody
imitation of work using original form and content to be critical or humorous
syntax
the arrangement of words in a sentence
romance
applied to fiction that involves high adventure, thwarted love, mysterious circumstances, arduous quests and improbable triumphs.
figurative language
non literal use of language
satire
comic mode-holds subject to scorn/ridicule—tries to correct
metaphor
comparison between two unlike things NOT using like or as
pathos
a quality in literature that makes the reader experience pity, sorrow, or tenderness toward helpless, innocent victims suffering through no fault of their own.
simile
comparison between two unlike things USING like or as
malapropism
the erroneous substitution for the correct word of a word similar in sound but very different in meaning.
personification
giving human characteristics to non-human objects
realism
accurate depiction in any literary work of the everyday life of a place or period; a literary movement that developed in the latter half of the nineteenth century in America, England and France in reaction to the excesses of romanticism.
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which the speaker directly and often emotionally addresses a person/place/thing/entity who is dead or otherwise not physically present
pastoral
created by the Romans, explored complexity of life, country better than urban
antithesis
two ideas are directly opposed
allegory
narrative in which abstract qualities are personified as characters (death, pride, etc)
hyperbole
exaggeration
genre
the classification of literary works on the basis of their content, form, or technique
oxymoron
contradictory ideas combined to create condensed paradox
chiasmus
A type of rhetoric in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first.
imagery
language appeals to 5 senses (usually sight)
selection or omission of detail
attention to or treatment of a subject in individual or minute parts
sound effects/rhythm/meter
recurring accented/unaccented syllables
rhyme
repetition of final stressed vowel and sounds following
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