Art History A Units 1-2
Terms in this set (51)
How do fine arts differ from applied arts?
Visual arts are unique expressions in well-designed visual forms, whereas the fine arts have no practical function and are valued in terms of physical pleasure
What kinds of valuable activities does one engage in when creating or examining works of art? What are two decisions to make?
You engage in decision making and problem solving. Decisions = "what subject" and "How will I recognize that the work is finished/when the creative process has ended?"
Why is an arts education valued by today's leaders in business and industry?
Because there is need for creativity in the modern workplace- the arts help build ideas and nurture a place in the mind for original ideas to take hold and grow
Explain the difference between art media and art process.
Art media consists of the materials, art process = the action
Define the term aesthetics. What concern do aestheticians share with art critics and art historians.
Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy concerned with identifying the criteria that are used to understand, judge, and defend judgement about works of art. They share the concern of the study of art.
What two things must a person know before attempting to gather information from a work of art?
What two look for, and how to look for it
Define the term criteria and how it is used in art.
Criteria is the standards of judgement, and you need it when making and supporting decisions about art
How does the approach of an art critic differ from the approach of an art historian?
(info vs. knowledge) art criticism = orderly way of looking and talking about art, vs. art historian = seeking to learn more about a work of art and the artist who created it
What are the seven elements of art?
The elements of art are the basic components/ building blocks: color, value, line, texture, shape, form, and space
How do the seven elements of art relate to the principles of art?
the principles of art are the different ways in which the elements are used
What is an analogous color scheme?
colors together on a color wheel
What is the benefit of identifying the axis line in a work of art?
It can show you whether the object or objects have been organized in a particular direction
Name 5 techniques Giorgione used to create the illusion of 3D space in a 2D work of art.
size, placement, detail, color, an line
How do you achieve a unified design?
When all the parts hold together to produce the best possible effect
Name the three types of balance.
symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial balance
What is symmetrical balance?
a formal balance in which 2 halves of a work are identical
What is asymmetrical balance?
informal; it takes into account hue, intensity, value, size, and shape
What is radial balance?
When objects are positioned around a central point
How can harmony be achieved in creating a work of art?
Through the use of repetitions and subtle, gradual changes
How is the principle of movement used in art?
to direct the viewers attention to a center of interest
Name three dry media used in drawing.
pencil, crayon, chalk
What types of subjects do artists depict in their work? (5)
landscapes, nature, people, still lives, and historical subjects
What is a still life?
An arrangement of inanimate objects
What are the three basic ingredients in paint?
pigment, binder, and solvent
What are two tools for applying paint?
brushes and a palette knife
What does intaglio mean, and what are the two processes?
engraving/engraved design; etching and engraving
Describe the etching process.
A copper or zinc plate is first covered in "ground", and a fine needle draws through protective coating. Plate is inked and cleared.
Explain the process of lithography.
paper covered with water, drawn with grease crayon, chemically treated with greasy ink that only sticks to the grease
List three options a computer can present to an artist.
ability to generate multiple versions of image, integrate images with other forms of art media/processes, and reproduce images
Which sculpture process is additive? subtractive?
What is casting, and how is it useful for a sculpture? What materials are usually involved in the process?
Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, and it allows the artist to duplicate an original sculpture in wax, clay plaster, melted down metal, or etc.
What is kinetic art?
a sculptural form that actually moves in space
What is post and lintel?
In what way is the round arch an improvement over the post and lintel?
It made it possible to construct buildings with stone roofs that could span a wide space
What is the most important limitation of working with stone as a building material?
its lack of tensile strength, a.k.a., the capacity of a material to withstand bending
How is a barrel vault constructed?
several arches are places front and back to enclose space. NO WINDOWS THROUGH THICK WALLS!
What brought about the dramatic change in wood construction in the 1800s?
metal nails were manufactured in quantity and sawmills began to provide lumber in standard sizes
types of columns?
Which part of art criticism operation is concerned with the expressive qualities of an artwork? What are these qualities?
When interpreting the MEANING of an artwork. These qualities are the meaning, mood, or idea communicated to the viewer
What are literal qualities?
the realistic presentation of a subject matter
How does a person demonstrate that he or she understands and appreciates an artwork?
through the process of judgement
What are the three theories of aesthetics?
Imitationalism, formalism, and emotionalism
What is imitationalism?
stressing the importance of literal qualities
What is formalism?
the effective use of the principles of art to arrange the elements of art
What is emotionalism?
the feelings, moods, and ideas communicated
What is nonobjetive art?
art with no apparent reference to reality
What is the different between a judgment and a like/dislike statement?
judgments require support, and like/dislike statements don't
What are the four steps of the art history operation?
Description, analysis, interpretation, and judgement
How do the four steps of art history differ when used between art historians and art critics?
Art historians- gather facts and info
Art critics- to form an opinion
During interpretation, what does the art historian focus on?
the influences of time and place on the artist
When you examine a work of art, should you begin with the art criticism operations or the art history operations? Why?
art criticism operations, because it is subjective and will help you uncover internal facts